Bernhard Bogerts

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OBJECTIVE This study examined the pathomorphology of the caudate nuclei in first-episode schizophrenic patients with minimal previous neuroleptic exposure. METHOD Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain was used to examine longitudinally the caudate pathomorphology in 29 first-episode schizophrenic patients and 10 healthy comparison subjects. MRI(More)
BACKGROUND Functional neuroimaging studies have implicated the frontal lobes and the hippocampus-amygdala complex in the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). These brain regions have not been well investigated in patients with OCD, however, using magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS Volumes of the superior frontal gyrus, anterior(More)
The volume of several parts of the basal ganglia and of the limbic system was measured by planimetry of myelin-stained serial sections in postmortem brains of 13 schizophrenic patients and nine control cases. The medial limbic structures of the temporal lobe (amygdala, hippocampal formation, and parahippocampal gyrus) and the pallidum internum were(More)
CONTEXT Evidence for symptomatic convergence of schizophrenia and N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamate receptor (NMDA-R) encephalitis highlights the need for an assessment of antibody prevalence and specificity for distinct disease mechanisms in patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia among glutamatergic pathophysiologic abnormalities in psychiatric disorders.(More)
The orbitofrontal cortex has been cytoarchitectonically and connectionally subdivided into a medial and a lateral part which are assumed to subserve distinct functions in emotional processing. However the exact spatiotemporal mechanisms of negative and positive emotional processing in medial and lateral orbitofrontal cortex remain unclear. We therefore(More)
Neural visinin-like proteins (VILIPs) are members of the neuronal subfamily of intracellular EF-hand calcium sensor proteins termed the NCS family, which are thought to play important roles in cellular signal transduction. While numerous studies suggest a wide but uneven distribution of these proteins in rat and chicken brain, their location in, and(More)
Glutamatergic mechanisms and resting-state functional connectivity alterations have been recently described as factors contributing to major depressive disorder (MDD). Furthermore, the pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (pgACC) seems to play an important role for major depressive symptoms such as anhedonia and impaired emotion processing. We investigated(More)
To investigate whether volume reduction of the hippocampal formation of schizophrenics, as described previously, is paralleled by loss of neurons and fibre systems, tissue volumes and cell numbers of all parts of the hippocampal formation in post mortem brains of 13 schizophrencis and 11 agematched controls belonging to the Vogt collection were determined.(More)
A cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) has been regarded as an incidental finding of little clinical importance. However, an association between this developmental anomaly and a diagnosis of psychosis has previously been reported. We determined the prevalence of the CSP in parallel studies of brain scans obtained with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and in the(More)
OBJECTIVES Suicide has a high prevalence in patients with schizophrenia and affective disorder. Our recent postmortem study [Steiner J, Mawrin C, Ziegeler A, Bielau H, Ullrich O, Bernstein HG, Bogerts B. Distribution of HLA-DR-positive microglia in schizophrenia reflects impaired cerebral lateralization. Acta Neuropathologica (Berl) 2006;112:305-16.](More)