Bernhard Angermayr

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Hypoxic hepatitis (HH) is a frequent cause of acute hepatocellular damage at the intensive care unit. Although mortality is reported to be high, risk factors for mortality in this population are unknown. One-hundred and seventeen consecutive patients with HH were studied prospectively at three medical intensive care units of a university hospital. The main(More)
Hypoxic hepatitis (HH) is a form of hepatic injury following arterial hypoxemia, ischemia, and passive congestion of the liver. We investigated the incidence and the prognostic implications of HH in the medical intensive care unit (ICU). A total of 1,066 consecutive ICU admissions at three medical ICUs of a university hospital were included in this(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Portal hypertension is characterized by the development of a hyperdynamic splanchnic circulation. To determine whether this process is angiogenesis-dependent, we assessed the effects of SU5416, a specific inhibitor of VEGF receptor-2, in portal hypertensive rats. METHODS Rats with portal hypertension induced by partial portal vein ligation(More)
In patients with liver cirrhosis, implantation of a transjugular intrahepatic shunt (TIPS) leads to reduction of portal pressure, but not of mortality compared with other therapies. The high stenosis rates of conventional bare stents causes high reintervention rates and costs and may be correlated with poor survival. ePTFE-covered stentgrafts provide much(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The pathophysiological significance of heme oxygenase-1 up-regulation in portal hypertension is not completely understood. In this study, we determined the role of heme oxygenase-1 on oxidative stress, inflammation, angiogenesis, and splanchnic hemodynamics in rats with portal hypertension induced by partial portal vein ligation. METHODS(More)
In November 2004, the Austrian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (ÖGGH) held for the first time a consensus meeting on the definitions and treatment of portal hypertension and its complications in the Billroth-Haus in Vienna, Austria (Billroth I-Meeting). This meeting was preceded by a meeting of international experts on portal hypertension with(More)
Portal hypertension is an almost unavoidable complication of cirrhosis, and it is responsible for the more lethal complications of this syndrome. Appearance of these complications represents the major cause of death and liver transplantation in patients who have cirrhosis. This article highlights treatment modalities in use for managing portal hypertension(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) mainly affects women of childbearing age. We aimed to clarify whether pregnancy, a thrombotic risk factor, should be contraindicated in patients with known and treated BCS. METHODS A retrospective study of pregnancy in women with known and treated BCS. RESULTS Sixteen women had 24 pregnancies. Nine women had(More)
The authors report the role of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) and consecutive interventions, including brachytherapy (n = 2) and stent-graft placement (n = 3), to increase secondary patency and consequently postpone orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in the treatment of Budd-Chiari syndrome in eight patients. Two patients (with(More)
Purpose: To determine whether transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) revisions with the Hemobahn stent-graft or the Viatorr endoprosthesis increase secondary patency rates. Methods: Between 1998 and June 1999, Hemobahn endoprostheses (W.L. Gore, Flagstaff, AZ, USA) were used for the revision of obstructed TIPS in seven patients, 51–67 years of(More)