Bernfried Sojka

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The olfactory event-related potential (OERP) has been described as being dependent on exogenous stimulus features, but no effort has been made to examine possible endogenous determinants. We wanted to separate exogenous and endogenous components of the OERP by using an olfactory oddball paradigm. A high concentration of citral was used as the target(More)
Two studies were conducted to investigate the influence of attention on the components of the chemosensory event-related potential (CSERP). In the first study the odors linalool and eugenol were delivered to six male subjects, in the second study three male and two female subjects were presented with their own body odor (axillary hair) and the body odor of(More)
Chemosensory event-related potentials (CSERP) can be used to examine central nervous odor processing. An important question for understanding odor perception is how different concentrations are processed. In the present study two odors were chosen which activate either the olfactory (linalool) or the trigeminal (menthol) system. Both odors were presented to(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether chemosensory anxiety signals can activate behavioral withdrawal systems in humans. Twelve male university students donated their axillary sweat in two situations: right before an oral academic examination (anxiety condition) and during ergometric training (exercise condition). Subjective ratings(More)
This paper addresses two questions related to the inherent association between breathing and odor perception: Does central nervous processing of odors change when an artificial breathing technique (velopharyngeal closure) is introduced and secondly, does odor processing vary with the oral breathing phase (inhalation or exhalation)? Chemosensory(More)
Studies on subjective body odour ratings suggest that humans exhibit preferences for human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-dissimilar persons. However, with regard to the extreme polymorphism of the HLA gene loci, the behavioural impact of the proposed HLA-related attracting signals seems to be minimal. Furthermore, the role of HLA-related chemosignals in same- and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to determine how odor processing is altered in patients with unilateral supratentorial brain tumors. METHODS Olfactory event-related potentials (OERPs) were evaluated in 10 patients with unilateral brain tumors of the frontal or temporal lobe in response to linalool and allylcaproate. Both odors were presented(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the similarities and differences in the olfactory and visual processing of emotional stimuli in healthy subjects and in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Twenty-five inpatients were investigated after admission to the psychiatric clinic. Fifteen of them participated a second time, shortly before(More)
In the present study we examined whether olfactory information processing depends on the phase of the menstrual cycle. Five female subjects were investigated during three phases (follicular, ovulatory, luteal) of their menstrual cycle. In each session chemosensory (olfactory) event-related potentials (CSERP) were recorded and olfactory thresholds and the(More)
Androstenone is a boar pheromone. and has also been found within different human body fluids. However, it is still unclear whether it carries pheromonal information in humans and whether it contributes significantly to the complex human body odor at all. Some humans fail to perceive the odor of androstenone, but most of these anosmics can achieve(More)