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The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in animal cells is an extensive, morphologically continuous network of membrane tubules and flattened cisternae. The ER is a multifunctional organelle; the synthesis of membrane lipids, membrane and secretory proteins, and the regulation of intracellular calcium are prominent among its array of functions. Many of these(More)
The composition of dark-adapted and illuminated retinal rod outer and inner segments and mitochondria was determined with electron probe X-ray micro-analysis of cryosections. The concentration of Ca in the outer segment was 0.4 mmol/kg dry wt. (0.1 Ca/rhodopsin) and did not measurably change upon illumination with saturating light for 5 min. The(More)
Intercellular Ca2+ signaling in intact salivary glands of the blowfly Calliphora erythrocephala was studied by fluorimetric digital imaging combined with microinjection of putative messenger molecules. Iontophoretic injection of D-myo-inositol 1,4, 5-trisphosphate (InsP3) into salivary gland cells evoked regenerative intercellular Ca2+ waves that spread(More)
The vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) in the apical membrane of blowfly (Calliphora vicina) salivary gland cells energizes the secretion of a KCl-rich saliva in response to the neurohormone serotonin (5-HT). We have shown previously that exposure to 5-HT induces a cAMP-mediated reversible assembly of V(0) and V(1) subcomplexes to V-ATPase holoenzymes and(More)
Reversible assembly of the V0V1 holoenzyme from V0 and V1 subcomplexes is a widely used mechanism for regulation of vacuolar-type H+-ATPases (V-ATPases) in animal cells. In the blowfly (Calliphora vicina) salivary gland, V-ATPase is located in the apical membrane of the secretory cells and energizes the secretion of a KCl-rich saliva in response to the(More)
The phenolamines octopamine and tyramine control, regulate, and modulate many physiological and behavioral processes in invertebrates. Vertebrates possess only small amounts of both substances, and thus, octopamine and tyramine, together with other biogenic amines, are referred to as "trace amines." Biogenic amines evoke cellular responses by activating(More)
Vacuolar H(+)-ATPases (V-ATPases) are heteromultimeric proteins that use the energy of ATP hydrolysis for the electrogenic transport of protons across membranes. They are common to all eukaryotic cells and are located in the plasma membrane or in membranes of acid organelles. In many insect epithelia, V-ATPase molecules reside in large numbers in the apical(More)
Eukaryotic vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPases (V-ATPases) are regulated by the reversible disassembly of the active V(1)V(0) holoenzyme into a cytosolic V(1) complex and a membrane-bound V(0) complex. The signaling cascades that trigger these events in response to changing cellular conditions are largely unknown. We report that the V(1) subunit C of the tobacco(More)
Blowfly salivary gland cells have a vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) in their apical membrane that energizes secretion of a KCl-rich saliva upon stimulation with serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT). We have used BCECF to study microfluometrically whether V-ATPase and carbonic anhydrase (CA) are involved in intracellular pH (pH(i)) regulation, and we(More)
  • B Walz
  • 1982
Microphotometric measurements are used to investigate the functional properties of Ca2+-sequestering smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) in leech photoreceptors. 10-30 intact cells are mounted in a perfusion chamber, placed between crossed polarizers in a microphotometer, and permeabilized by saponin treatment. Subsequent perfusion with solutions containing(More)