Bernd W. Johannes

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Hairless, a major antagonist of the Notch signaling-pathway in Drosophila (Bang and Posakony, 1992; Maier et al., 1992), associates with Suppressor of Hairless [Su(H)], thereby inhibiting trans-activation of Notch target genes (Brou et al., 1994). These molecular interactions could occur either at the step of signal transduction in the cytoplasm or during(More)
Wing vein development in Drosophila is controlled by different morphogenetic pathways, including Notch. Hairless (H) antagonizes Notch target gene activation by binding to the Notch signal transducer Suppressor of Hairless [Su(H)]. Accordingly, overexpression of H phenocopies reduction of Notch activity. Deletion of the Su(H)-binding domain in H-C2 results(More)
BACKGROUND Sodium accumulation has been considered to take place in the extracellular space, leading to water retention and weight gain. This traditional view has been questioned by recent studies that showed sodium accumulation in humans without expansion of the extracellular volume. We investigated sodium balance and its impact on body weight (BW) during(More)
TNF-receptor associated factors (TRAFs) comprise a family of adaptor proteins that act as downstream signal transducers of the TNF receptor superfamily and the Toll/interleukin-1 receptor family. The mammalian TRAFs 2, 5 and 6 are known to activate JNK- and NF-kappaB signaling pathways, whereas the function of the other three mammalian family members, TRAF(More)
The steady-state concept of Na(+) homeostasis, based on short-term investigations of responses to high salt intake, maintains that dietary Na(+) is rapidly eliminated into urine, thereby achieving constant total-body Na(+) and water content. We introduced the reverse experimental approach by fixing salt intake of men participating in space flight(More)
It is well known that there is a relationship between the voice the human emotional status. Previous studies have demonstrated that changes of fundamental frequency (f 0), in particular, have a significant relationship with emotional load. The aim of the present study was to investigate how f 0 changes in response to an unknown emotionally stressful task(More)
The present work describes that under increasing physical load the voice fundamental frequency (voice pitch) remains on a given level as long as the physical load is well tolerated by the subject, whereas heart rate and blood pressure continuously increase during increasing physical load. This voice pitch level was compared to voice pitch levels under(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent studies have identified rates of injuries in young elite athletes during major athletic events. However, no such data exist on master athletes. The aim of this study was to assess incidence and types of injuries during the 2012 European Veteran Athletics Championships as a function of age, performance and athletic discipline. METHODS(More)
PNPLA6 mutations, known to be associated with the development of motor neuron phenotypes, have recently been identified in families with Boucher–Neuhäuser syndrome. Boucher–Neuhäuser is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by the co-occurrence of cerebellar ataxia, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, and chorioretinal dystrophy. Gait ataxia in(More)
Accurately collected 24-hour urine collections are presumed to be valid for estimating salt intake in individuals. We performed 2 independent ultralong-term salt balance studies lasting 105 (4 men) and 205 (6 men) days in 10 men simulating a flight to Mars. We controlled dietary intake of all constituents for months at salt intakes of 12, 9, and 6 g/d and(More)