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RNA interference is a conserved mechanism that regulates gene expression in response to the presence of double-stranded (ds)RNAs. The RNase III-like enzyme Dicer first cleaves dsRNA into 21-23-nucleotide small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). In the effector step, the multimeric RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) identifies messenger RNAs homologous to the(More)
Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) reside in microsomal membranes where they gate Ca2+ release in response to changes in the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration. In the osteoclast, a divalent cation sensor, the Ca2+ receptor (CaR), located within the cell's plasma membrane, monitors changes in the extracellular Ca2+ concentration. Here we show that a RyR-like molecule is(More)
Neuronal Fe65 is a central adapter for the intracellular protein network of Alzheimer's disease related amyloid precursor protein (APP). It contains a unique tandem array of phosphotyrosine-binding (PTB) domains that recognize NPXY internalization motifs present in the intracellular domains of APP (AICD) and the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related(More)
BACKGROUND Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited genetic myocardial disease characterized by fibrofatty replacement of the myocardium and a predisposition to cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death. We evaluated the cardiomyopathy gene titin (TTN) as a candidate ARVC gene because of its proximity to an ARVC locus at position(More)
Calsequestrin (CS) is the major Ca2+ binding protein contained in the lumen of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Ca2+ binding properties and tissue concentration of CS of frog skeletal muscle were measured. At equilibrium, maximal Ca2+ binding capacity of purified CS was about 1.2 mumol Ca2+/mg protein. Apparent Kds for Ca2+ were around 50 microM in the absence(More)
Polycomb-group proteins are transcriptional repressors with essential roles in embryonic development. Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) contains the methyltransferase activity for Lys27. However, the role of other histone modifications in regulating PRC2 activity is just beginning to be understood. Here we show that direct recognition of methylated(More)
Osteoclasts are known to possess a divalent cation-sensitive receptor, the Ca2+ receptor (CaR). The latter monitors changes in the local Ca2+ concentration generated as a result of hydroxyapatite dissolution. CaR activation elevates cytosolic [Ca2+] and thereby inhibits osteoclastic bone resorption. Recent studies have used Ni2+ as a surrogate CaR agonist(More)
Eukaryotic transcription is regulated by interactions between gene-specific activators and the coactivator complex Mediator. Here we report the NMR structure of the Mediator subunit Med25 (also called Arc92) activator interaction domain (ACID) and analyze the structural and functional interaction of ACID with the archetypical acidic transcription activator(More)
Earlier studies have demonstrated that a high (mM) extracellular Ca2+ concentration triggers intracellular [Ca2+] signals with a consequent inhibition of bone resorptive activity. We now report that micromolar concentrations of the divalent cation, Ni2+, elicited rapid and concentration-dependent elevations of cytosolic [Ca2+]. The peak change in cytosolic(More)
We present a novel target function based on atomic coordinates that permits quaternary structural refinement of multi-domain protein–protein or protein–RNA complexes. It requires that the high-resolution structures of the individual domains are known and that small angle scattering (SAS) data as well as NMR orientational restraints from residual dipolar(More)