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1. Free intracellular calcium transients (delta[Ca2+] were monitored in cut segments of frog skeletal muscle fibres voltage clamped in a double Vaseline-gap chamber and stretched to sarcomere lengths that eliminated fibre movement. The measured calcium transients were used to calculate the rate of calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (s.r.) as(More)
1. The rate of calcium release (Rrel) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in voltage clamped segments of frog skeletal muscle fibres was calculated from myoplasmic free calcium transients (delta[Ca2+]) measured with the calcium indicator dye Antipyrylazo III. 2. During a 100-200 ms depolarizing pulse Rrel reached an early peak and then declined markedly.(More)
The steady-state calcium dependence of inactivation of calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum was studied in voltage-clamped, cut segments of frog skeletal muscle fibers containing two calcium indicators, fura-2 and anti-pyrylazo III (AP III). Fura-2 fluorescence was used to monitor resting calcium and relatively small calcium transients during(More)
To monitor cytosolic [Ca2+] over a wide range of concentrations in functioning skeletal muscle cells, we have used simultaneously the rapid but relatively low affinity calcium indicator antipyrylazo III (AP III) and the slower but higher affinity indicator fura-2 in single frog twitch fibers cut at both ends and voltage clamped with a double vaseline gap(More)
Intramembrane charge movement and myoplasmic free calcium transients (delta[Ca2+]) were monitored in voltage-clamped segments of isolated frog muscle fibres cut at both ends and mounted in a double Vaseline-gap chamber. The fibres were stretched to sarcomere lengths of 3.5-4.6 micron to minimize mechanical movement and the related optical artifacts. The(More)
Myoplasmic free calcium transients delta [Ca2+] were monitored with the calcium indicators antipyrylazo III and fura-2 in voltage clamped cut frog skeletal muscle fibers, in the presence and absence of 0.5 mM caffeine. Without caffeine delta [Ca2+] began to decline within a few milliseconds of fiber repolarization for pulses of all durations. In caffeine(More)
1. Resting myoplasmic [Ca2+] and [Ca2+] transients (delta [Ca2+]) were monitored using Fura-2 fluorescence and Antipyrylazo III absorbance signals from voltage-clamped segments of cut frog skeletal muscle fibres in the presence and absence of 0.5 mM-caffeine. The rate of release (Rrel) of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum was calculated from delta(More)
This paper illustrates how internet-based learning information systems can be used to reengineer undergraduate teaching in the age of mass higher education. We describe current problems of undergraduate teaching by using an example of an introductory course in information technology at the Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration. We argue(More)
In order to achieve interoperability among learning repositories, implementers require a common communication framework for querying. This paper proposes a set of methods referred to as Simple Query Interface (SQI) as a universal interoperability layer for educational networks. The methods proposed can be used by a source for configuring and submitting(More)