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Glomerular podocytes are major determinants of filtration permselectivity in the glomerulus. Although the molecular mechanisms determining the characteristics of the glomerular filtration unit are incompletely understood, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been implicated. To analyze this process in situ, we established a method that allows(More)
To determine the site and mechanism of suppression by regulatory T (Treg) cells, we investigated their migration and function in an islet allograft model. Treg cells first migrated from blood to the inflamed allograft where they were essential for the suppression of alloimmunity. This process was dependent on the chemokine receptors CCR2, CCR4, and CCR5 and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of desensitization protocols using intravenous Ig with or without plasmapheresis in patients with donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies on prevention of antibody-mediated rejection and downregulation of donor-specific antibodies. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS(More)
While studies in animal models have linked Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling to kidney injury induced by ischemia and reperfusion, the relevance of TLR4 activation to allograft injury in human kidney transplants is unknown. Here we show that TLR4 is constitutively expressed within all donor kidneys but is significantly higher in deceased-, compared with(More)
Autophagy developed into a rapidly expanding field detailing its molecular mechanism and relevance in health and disease. Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved process that summarizes a pathway in which intracellular material is degraded within the lysosome and where the macromolecular constituents are recycled. This "self-eating" process was originally(More)
Among the factors modulating transplant rejection and cardiovascular disease, chemokines and their respective receptors deserve special attention. In this respect, increased expression of MCP-1 and the corresponding receptor CCR2 have been demonstrated in renal transplant rejection and coronary artery disease. The impact of the MCP-1-2518G and CCR2-64I(More)
Adenoviral vectors are highly efficient for transferring genes to islets. However, the inflammatory and immune responses stimulated by adenovirus may be detrimental to islet survival. Given the role of chemokines and their receptors in inflammation, we analyzed their expression in isolated murine islets, in a murine beta cell line and in syngeneic islet(More)
Glucose containing solutions, the basis of peritoneal dialysis fluids, affect the proliferation and regeneration of peritoneal mesothelial cells (MsC). The aim of this study was to examine mechanisms of glucose transport into MsC, that is, the expression of facilitative glucose transporters (GLUT) and the Na(+)-dependent glucose transporter (SGLT1) in human(More)
In as many as 50% of cases the immediate post-kidney transplant course is complicated by delayed graft function that is most commonly related to ischemia and reperfusion injury. In addition to the acute complications related to renal failure and the associated economic impact of prolonged hospitalization, the development of delayed graft function is(More)