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Experimental data on the effects of Saccharomyces boulardii on rumen microbial metabolism are scarce. The aim of this study was to examine whether S. boulardii had an effect on parameters of rumen microbial metabolism at different dosages and whether the yeast would be suitable as a probiotic agent for ruminants. To test whether the potential positive(More)
The experiments were aimed at evaluating whether the activity of the glucose transporter in the pig's jejunum is affected by deoxynivalenol (DON)-contaminated feed. This is based on the ability of DON to inhibit the protein synthesis on cellular level which might also involve the synthesis of the intestinal glucose transporter.Two groups of six castrated(More)
Intramembrane proteases are critically involved in signal transduction and membrane protein turnover. Signal-peptide-peptidase-like 2a (SPPL2A), a presenilin-homologue residing in lysosomes/late endosomes, cleaves type II-oriented transmembrane proteins. We recently identified SPPL2A as the enzyme controlling turnover and functions of the invariant chain(More)
We studied the effects of food supplementation with Saccharomyces boulardii (S. boulardii; synonym S. cerevisiae HANSEN CBS 5926; 1 g per day for 9 days) on the presence and co-localization patterns of neuronal markers in myenteric neurones of the pig jejunum. The pan neuronal marker Hu revealed no change in the number of neuronal cell bodies per ganglion(More)
Adequate blood calcium (Ca) concentrations are a prerequisite to maintain several physiological functions of mammals such as pig and ruminants. Thus, blood Ca levels have to be regulated within very close limits. This is basically ensured through the coordinated effects of the calcitropic hormones parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcitriol(More)
Signal peptide peptidase (SPP) and the homologous SPP-like (SPPL) proteases SPPL2a, SPPL2b, SPPL2c and SPPL3 belong to the family of GxGD intramembrane proteases. SPP/SPPLs selectively cleave transmembrane domains in type II orientation and do not require additional co-factors for proteolytic activity. Orthologues of SPP and SPPLs have been identified in(More)
We report the learning curves of three eye surgeons converting from sutureless extracapsular cataract extraction to phacoemulsification using different teaching methods. Posterior capsule rupture (PCR) as a per-operative complication and visual outcome of the first 100 operations were analysed. The PCR rate was 4% and 15% in supervised and unsupervised(More)
This study concerns the uptake of inorganic phosphate into brush-border membrane vesicles prepared from jejunal tissues of either control or Ca- and/or P-depleted goats. The brush-border membrane vesicles showed a time-dependent accumulation of inorganic phosphate with a typical overshoot phenomenon in the presence of an inwardly direct Na+ gradient. The(More)
Feeding experiments were carried out in growing pigs using topinambur powder or inactivated yeasts as prebiotic additives with an application period of at least 3 weeks. At the end of the experimental periods the animals were killed and segments of the intestinal tract were used for measuring transport physiological parameters and for mucin histochemistry.(More)
We reported recently that the presenilin homologue signal peptide peptidase-like 2a (SPPL2a) is essential for B cell development by cleaving the N-terminal fragment (NTF) of the invariant chain (li, CD74). Based on this, we suggested that pharmacological modulation of SPPL2a may represent a novel approach to deplete B cells in autoimmune disorders. With(More)