Bernd Schoel

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In 2000, transgenes were detected in local maize varieties (landraces) in the mountains of Oaxaca, Mexico [Quist, D. & Chapela, I. H. (2001) Nature 414, 541-543]. This region is part of the Mesoamerican center of origin for maize (Zea mays L.), and the genetic diversity that is maintained in open-pollinated landraces is recognized as an important genetic(More)
Previous studies have established the presence of high numbers of activated T lymphocytes and "aberrant" expression of major histocompatibility complex class II antigens by endothelial and smooth muscle cells in human atherosclerotic lesions, implicating the involvement of a local cellular immune response. The identity of the antigen(s) eliciting this(More)
T lymphocyte subsets expressing either T cell receptor alpha/beta or gamma/delta were selected from human peripheral blood T cells and proliferative responses to molecular mass-fractionated mycobacterial lysates were determined. alpha/beta T cells primarily responded to fractions greater than 30 kDa whereas gamma/delta T cells preferentially reacted to(More)
1 Instituto Nacional de Ecología, SEMARNAT, Av. Periférico Sur 5000, Colonia Insurgentes Cuicuilco, Delegación Coyoacán, 04530 México, D.F., Mexico 2 Biodiversity Research Center of the Californias, San Diego Natural History Museum, 1788 El Prado, San Diego, CA 92101, USA 3 Genetic ID North America, Inc., Fairfield, IA 52556, USA 4 Comisión Nacional para el(More)
Heat shock proteins are evolutionarily highly conserved polypeptides that are produced under a variety of stress conditions to preserve cellular functions. A major antigen of tubercle bacilli of 65 kilodaltons is a heat shock protein that has significant sequence similarity and cross-reactivity with antigens of various other microbes. Monoclonal antibodies(More)
The immune response to mycobacterial pathogens comprises a significant percentage of T cells with specificity for a 65-kDa heat shock protein (hsp) which is highly conserved in bacteria and man. PBMC were activated in vitro with killed Mycobacterium tuberculosis and afterward tested for CTL activity on autologous target cells primed with 1) killed M.(More)
Immunization of C57BL/6 mice with the mycobacterial heat shock protein (hsp) 60 in immunostimulating complexes caused the in vivo activation of autoreactive major histocompatibility complex class I (H-2Db)-restricted CD8 T cell receptor (TcR) alpha/beta cells. A CD8 TcR alpha/beta clone with specificity for the mycobacterial hsp60 peptide499-508 was derived(More)
An automated two-dimensional chromatographic method has been developed for the isolation and concentration of recombinant fusion proteins with beta-galactosidase. The system consists of an immunoaffinity column with anti-beta-galactosidase antibodies as ligand, followed by an anion-exchange column. It was used for the purification and concentration of(More)
Alkaline-cooked corn, called nixtamal, is the basis for many traditional corn products such as tortillas, chips, and taco shells that are used widely in Mexico and Central America and in the preparation of snack foods that are consumed globally. To assess the effects of alkaline and thermal treatments on the detectability of DNA and protein for the presence(More)
Samples of rice from Mexican and USA retail stores were analyzed for the presence of transgenic (GM) events using real-time PCR. In screening for the CaMV35S promoter sequence (35SP), positive results were found in 49 and 35% of the Mexican and American samples, respectively. In further investigations in Mexican samples, 43% were positive for P35S::bar,(More)