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The application of an automatic sleep spindle detection procedure allowed the documentation of the topographic distribution of spindle characteristics, such as number, amplitude, frequency and duration, as a function of sleep depth and of recording time. Multichannel all-night EEG recordings were performed in 10 normal healthy subjects aged 20-35 years.(More)
The paper describes a reliable and valid method for the automatic detection of sleep spindles in whole night polygraphy. The recording of a multi-channel EEG during sleep polysomnography was performed in 10 healthy volunteers aged 20-35 years. This objective method should improve the time-consuming and subjective visual evaluation by increasing the accuracy(More)
Studies of psychiatric disorders have traditionally focused on emotional symptoms such as depression, anxiety and hallucinations. However, poorly controlled cognitive deficits are equally prominent and severely compromise quality of life, including social and professional integration. Consequently, intensive efforts are being made to characterize the(More)
Stage 2 sleep spindles have been previously viewed as useful markers for the development and integrity of the CNS and were more currently linked to 'offline re-processing' of implicit as well as explicit memory traces. Additionally, it had been discussed if spindles might be related to a more general learning or cognitive ability. In the present multicentre(More)
Scalp electric potentials (electroencephalogram; EEG) are contingent to the impressed current density unleashed by cortical pyramidal neurons undergoing post-synaptic processes. EEG neuroimaging consists of estimating the cortical current density from scalp recordings. We report a solution to this inverse problem that attains exact localization: exact(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Functional significance of stage 2 sleep spindle activity for declarative memory consolidation. DESIGN Randomized, within-subject, multicenter. SETTING Weekly sleep laboratory visits, actigraphy, and sleep diary (4 weeks). PARTICIPANTS Twenty-four healthy subjects (12 men) aged between 20 and 30 years. INTERVENTIONS Declarative(More)
Analyses of scalp-recorded sleep spindles have demonstrated topographically distinct slow and fast spindle waves. In the present paper, the electrical activity in the brain corresponding to different types of sleep spindles was estimated by means of low-resolution electromagnetic tomography. In its new implementation, this method is based on realistic head(More)
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded at 17 leads in an auditory oddball paradigm in 172 normal healthy subjects aged between 20 and 88 years. With advancing age, N1 latency increased parietally (0.12 ms/year), P2 latency increased frontally (0.34 ms/ year) and N2 and P300 latencies increased all over the scalp (0.37 ms/year for N2; 0.92 ms/year for(More)
Dopaminergic agents such as ropinirole are the drugs of first choice in treating restless legs syndrome (RLS). Recently, gabapentin, a structural analogue of gamma-aminobutyric acid, has also been shown to improve sensorimotor symptoms in RLS. Therefore, the tolerability and efficacy of randomized treatment with either gabapentin or ropinirole in patients(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To investigate differences between visual sleep scoring according to the classification developed by Rechtschaffen and Kales (R&K, 1968) and scoring based on the new guidelines of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM, 2007). DESIGN All-night polysomnographic recordings were scored visually according to the R&K and AASM rules by(More)