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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major health problem. The disease is driven by abnormal inflammatory reactions in response to inhaled particles and fumes. Therefore, inflammatory mediators are postulated to be of distinct importance. In the present case-control study, we investigated interleukin (IL)-promoter polymorphisms known to(More)
Whole unfractionated adult human and rat bronchoalveolar lavages were used for gradient electrophoresis, analytic isoelectric focusing, and immunoelectrophoretic studies, establishing a classification of identical serum proteins and specific lavage proteins. However, only with immunologic methods, using antiserum against bronchoalveolar lavage and serum(More)
Limbic seizures were induced in rats by intraperitoneal injection of the glutamate receptor agonist kainic acid, followed, 24h later by injection of [1-13C]glucose and [1,2-13C]acetate. Analyses of forebrain extracts were performed using 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy and HPLC. A significant increase in label derived from [1,2-13C]acetate was observed(More)
Air pollutants have been recognized to influence the structure and function of the surfactant system. Agents that have received the most attention include ozone, nitrogen dioxide, hyperoxia, diesel exhaust, tobacco smoke, silica and fibrous materials such as asbestos. The deleterious effects of air pollutants on the surfactant system depend on the size of(More)
To elucidate the differences in the interaction of chiralic ibuprofen (IBP) and naproxen (NAP) with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) in a solid state. Drugs/PVP physical mixtures and solid dispersions were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR), solid state 13C NMR spectroscopy, and x-ray(More)
The present study was performed to relate Clara cell proliferation and Clara cell morphology to duration and intensity of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure as a model of lung injury in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to 5, 10 and 20 ppm NO2 for three (short term exposure) and 25 days (long term exposure). Epithelial proliferation was(More)
Clara cell 10-kDa protein (CC10) is an inhibitor of phospholipase A2 and binds to phosphatidylinositol. It may therefore interfere with intracellular signal transduction. Bronchial CC10-reactive cells have been described by several authors. In contrast to the bronchiolar CC10-containing Clara cell, which is a progenitor cell of terminally differentiated(More)
Airway epithelial cells are exposed to environmental toxicants that result in airway injury. Naphthalene (NA) causes site-selective damage to Clara cells in mouse distal airways. N-terminally truncated recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor (DeltaN23-KGF) protects against acute lung injury. The present study investigated whether or not DeltaN23-KGF(More)
To study the effects of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) inhalation on lung lavage surfactant components as markers of an altered surfactant metabolism in type II pneumocytes, rats were exposed to atmospheres with increasing NO2 concentrations (0.8, 5.0, and 10.0 ppm) over 1 and 3 days. After exposure lung lavage was performed and surfactant components as well as(More)