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We studied the mechanisms involved in the translocation of human calcitonin (hCT) through excised bovine nasal mucosa (net mucosal-to-serosal permeability approximately 10(-)5 cm s-1). To determine structural requirements for the suggested vesicular internalization two carboxyfluorescein-labeled (fl) hCT fragments, the C-terminal fragment(More)
Cellular proteins may be designated to fast degradation by their N-terminal amino acids, and especially a N-terminal arginine residue should have an extremely destabilizing effect on cytosol proteins. We investigated the post-translational arginylation of cytosol proteins and especially of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) by the cytosolic enzyme arginyl(More)
Four sets of centrally truncated analogues of neuropeptide Y have been synthesized. In each series the N-terminal part was constant, while the C-terminal segment was systematically varied in length. The C- and N-terminal parts were linked by 6-aminohexanoic acid. The affinity to the Y1 receptor was investigated on human neuroblastoma cells SK-N-MC.(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) was purified 6500-fold from NMRI mouse kidneys under conditions designed to inhibit degradation by proteinases. The enzyme was homogeneous by SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, and the specific activity was among the highest reported. The yield was 70%. A monoclonal antibody against this preparation was generated and used(More)
Proneuropeptide Y (ProNPY) undergoes cleavage at a single dibasic site Lys38-Arg39 resulting in the formation of 1-39 amino acid NPY which is further processed successively by carboxypeptidase-like and peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase enzymes. To investigate whether prohormone convertases are involved in ProNPY processing, a vaccinia virus(More)
Whole-cell Ca2+ channel currents were recorded in human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells, using the perforated-patch technique with 10 mM Ba2+ as charge carrier. Neuropeptide Y (NPY; 10 nM to 1 microM) caused concentration-dependent inhibition of Ca2+ channel currents which were associated with a slowing in current activation kinetics. [Ala31]NPY, a residue 31(More)
CGRP Y0-28-37 is known as a selective CGRP1 receptor antagonist. We succeeded in optimising the CGRP1 receptor affinity of this fragment by multiple amino acid replacement. The analogues [p34, F35]CGRP 27-37 and [D31, p34, F35]CGRP 27-37 exhibit a 100-fold increased affinity compared to the unmodified segment. Receptor binding studies were performed with(More)
CGRP Y0-28-37 is known as a selective CGRP1 receptor antagonist. In order to elucidate the essential requirements for its receptor interaction, we performed a variety of systematic approaches by modifying the C-terminal segments CGRP Y0-28-37 and CGRP 27-37. N-Terminal and C-terminal segments have been synthesized, as well as chimeras which combine segments(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a 37-amino acid peptide and potent vasodilatator agent located in sensory C fibres. Several functional studies suggest that CGRP could be involved in the vasodilatation of different vascular beds during neurogenic inflammation. We have studied, in pentobarbital anaesthetised pigs, the antagonistic effect of local(More)
In order to stabilize the C-terminal dodecapeptide of neuropeptide Y (NPY) we replaced Leu28 and Thr32 by Lys and Glu, respectively, and subsequently linked these residues by lactamization. This peptide analog of NPY shows a more than 100-fold increase in affinity compared to the C-terminal linear dodecapeptide in receptor binding studies performed at human(More)