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Four sets of centrally truncated analogues of neuropeptide Y have been synthesized. In each series the N-terminal part was constant, while the C-terminal segment was systematically varied in length. The C- and N-terminal parts were linked by 6-aminohexanoic acid. The affinity to the Y1 receptor was investigated on human neuroblastoma cells SK-N-MC.(More)
We studied the mechanisms involved in the translocation of human calcitonin (hCT) through excised bovine nasal mucosa (net mucosal-to-serosal permeability approximately 10(-)5 cm s-1). To determine structural requirements for the suggested vesicular internalization two carboxyfluorescein-labeled (fl) hCT fragments, the C-terminal fragment(More)
Proneuropeptide Y (ProNPY) undergoes cleavage at a single dibasic site Lys38-Arg39 resulting in the formation of 1-39 amino acid NPY which is further processed successively by carboxypeptidase-like and peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase enzymes. To investigate whether prohormone convertases are involved in ProNPY processing, a vaccinia virus(More)
CGRP Y0-28-37 is known as a selective CGRP1 receptor antagonist. In order to elucidate the essential requirements for its receptor interaction, we performed a variety of systematic approaches by modifying the C-terminal segments CGRP Y0-28-37 and CGRP 27-37. N-Terminal and C-terminal segments have been synthesized, as well as chimeras which combine segments(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) was purified 6500-fold from NMRI mouse kidneys under conditions designed to inhibit degradation by proteinases. The enzyme was homogeneous by SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, and the specific activity was among the highest reported. The yield was 70%. A monoclonal antibody against this preparation was generated and used(More)
In order to stabilize the C-terminal dodecapeptide of neuropeptide Y (NPY) we replaced Leu28 and Thr32 by Lys and Glu, respectively, and subsequently linked these residues by lactamization. This peptide analog of NPY shows a more than 100-fold increase in affinity compared to the C-terminal linear dodecapeptide in receptor binding studies performed at human(More)
Cellular proteins may be designated to fast degradation by their N-terminal amino acids, and especially a N-terminal arginine residue should have an extremely destabilizing effect on cytosol proteins. We investigated the post-translational arginylation of cytosol proteins and especially of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) by the cytosolic enzyme arginyl(More)
Several attempts to investigate the bioactive conformation of neuropeptide Y have been made so far. As cyclic peptides are much more rigid than linear ones, we decided to synthesise cyclic analogues of the C-terminal dodekapeptide amide neuropeptide Y Ac-25-36. Cyclisation was performed by side chain lactamisation of ornithine or lysine and glutamic or(More)
A novel type of C-terminally modified analogs of the 36-mer peptide hormone neuropeptide Y has been synthesized, characterized and tested with respect to receptor affinity and biological activity in various systems. The compounds were obtained by synthesizing the fully protected peptide fragment NPY 1-35 or analogs of this, and coupling it in solution to(More)