Bernd Mühlbauer

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It is well accepted that dopamine receptors play an important role in the regulation of cardiovascular and kidney function. Most of the knowledge on the renal actions of dopamine has been accumulated focussing on the prototypes of the two known dopamine receptor subfamilies, i.e. D1 and D2. The dopamine D3 receptor is a member of the D2-like subfamily and(More)
BACKGROUND Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of legal blindness in elderly populations of industrialised countries. Bevacizumab (Avastin®) and ranibizumab (Lucentis®) are targeted biological drugs (a monoclonal antibody) that inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor, an angiogenic cytokine that promotes vascular(More)
The dopamine D3 receptor (D3R), intensively studied in neuroscience, also plays an important role in the regulation of renal and cardiovascular function. In contrast to functional findings, less information is available on its localization in the kidney. Neither RT-PCR studies nor radioligand binding assays are suitable to selectively determine the(More)
BACKGROUND New drugs are generally claimed to represent a therapeutic innovation. However, scientific evidence of a substantial clinical advantage is often lacking. This may be the result of using inadequate control groups or surrogate outcomes only in the clinical trials. In view of this, EVITA was developed as a user-friendly transparent tool for the(More)
PURPOSE To investigate fast-track rehabilitation concept in terms of a measurable effect on the early recovery after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS This was an open, randomized, prospective clinical study, comparing the fast-track rehabilitation--a pathway-controlled early recovery program (Joint Care(®))--with standard postoperative(More)
In 1986, the risk of agranulocytosis prompted German authorities to restrict the indications for metamizole use. After an initial decline, prescriptions increased from <20 million defined daily doses in 1990 to >140 million in 2012. Concurrently, spontaneous reports of agranulocytosis increased from about 10 in 1990 to >50 in 2012. In this study, reports(More)
Renal function was studied in mice of different ages. In metabolic cage experiments, the renal electrolyte excretion was similar in young (n = 8; 5- to 7-wk-old) and adult (n = 6; 20- to 22-wk-old) CD-1 (ICR) BR mice, whereas spontaneous drinking volume and urinary flow rate were significantly higher in the adult compared with the young mice. Subsequently,(More)
BACKGROUND Whether or not second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) represent an advantage over first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs) in the treatment of schizophrenia is not certain. Effectiveness studies published in the past 10 years have not unequivocally confirmed the superiority of SGAs over FGAs. We aimed to compare quality of life in patients with(More)
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