Bernd Mühlbauer

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BACKGROUND Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of legal blindness in elderly populations of industrialised countries. Bevacizumab (Avastin®) and ranibizumab (Lucentis®) are targeted biological drugs (a monoclonal antibody) that inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor, an angiogenic cytokine that promotes vascular(More)
The dopamine D3 receptor (D3R), intensively studied in neuroscience, also plays an important role in the regulation of renal and cardiovascular function. In contrast to functional findings, less information is available on its localization in the kidney. Neither RT-PCR studies nor radioligand binding assays are suitable to selectively determine the(More)
We sought to determine the value of follow-up CT and MRI in patients with acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). We reviewed 50 CT and 19 MRI examinations performed in 21 biopsy- or autopsy-proven cases of PML; 17 patients had follow-up examinations (mean time 5.9 weeks). The radiological(More)
BACKGROUND New drugs are generally claimed to represent a therapeutic innovation. However, scientific evidence of a substantial clinical advantage is often lacking. This may be the result of using inadequate control groups or surrogate outcomes only in the clinical trials. In view of this, EVITA was developed as a user-friendly transparent tool for the(More)
In 1986, the risk of agranulocytosis prompted German authorities to restrict the indications for metamizole use. After an initial decline, prescriptions increased from <20 million defined daily doses in 1990 to >140 million in 2012. Concurrently, spontaneous reports of agranulocytosis increased from about 10 in 1990 to >50 in 2012. In this study, reports(More)
PURPOSE To investigate fast-track rehabilitation concept in terms of a measurable effect on the early recovery after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS This was an open, randomized, prospective clinical study, comparing the fast-track rehabilitation--a pathway-controlled early recovery program (Joint Care(®))--with standard postoperative(More)
Renal function was studied in mice of different ages. In metabolic cage experiments, the renal electrolyte excretion was similar in young (n = 8; 5- to 7-wk-old) and adult (n = 6; 20- to 22-wk-old) CD-1 (ICR) BR mice, whereas spontaneous drinking volume and urinary flow rate were significantly higher in the adult compared with the young mice. Subsequently,(More)
BACKGROUND Whether or not second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) represent an advantage over first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs) in the treatment of schizophrenia is not certain. Effectiveness studies published in the past 10 years have not unequivocally confirmed the superiority of SGAs over FGAs. We aimed to compare quality of life in patients with(More)
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