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The crystal structure at 2.8 A resolution of the four protein subunits containing cytochrome c oxidase from the soil bacterium Paracoccus denitrificans, complexed with antibody Fv fragment, is described. Subunit I contains 12 membrane-spanning, primarily helical segments and binds haem a and the haem a3-copper B binuclear centre where molecular oxygen is(More)
We describe the construction and characterization of gene replacement mutants for the respiratory chain component cytochrome c1 in the bacterium Paracoccus denitrificans. Its structural gene (fbcC) was inactivated by insertion of the kanamycin resistance gene, introduced into a suicide vector, and conjugated into Paracoccus; chromosomal mutants obtained by(More)
Cytochome c oxidase is the terminal member of the electron transport chains of mitochondria and many bacteria. Providing an efficient mechanism for dioxygen reduction on the one hand, it also acts as a redox-linked proton pump, coupling the free energy of water formation to the generation of a transmembrane electrochemical gradient to eventually drive ATP(More)
A quinol oxidase has been purified from the cytoplasmic membrane of Paracoccus denitrificans; its heme composition and CO binding properties identify it as a cytochrome ba3. On SDS gels, the purified enzyme complex is separated into five polypeptides. Using partial peptide sequence information for subunit II, the gene locus has been cloned and sequenced. In(More)
The gene coding for subunit IV of the cytochrome c oxidase in Paracoccus denitrificans has been cloned and sequenced. The derived amino acid sequence shows no significant homology to any known protein. Gene deletion has no consequences for the integrity of the complex and its spectral and enzymatic properties. Complementation of the deletion mutant in trans(More)
As a prerequisite to site-directed mutagenesis on cytochrome c oxidase, two different mutants are constructed by inactivating the cta gene locus encoding subunits II and III (ctaC and ctaE) of the Paracoccus denitrificans oxidase. Either a short fragment encoding part of the putative copper binding site near the C terminus of subunit II, or a substantial(More)
A NAD-dependent secondary alcohol dehydrogenase has been purified from the alkane-degrading bacterium, Rhodococcus erythropolis ATCC 4277. The enzyme was found to be active against a broad range of substrates, particularly long-chain secondary aliphatic alcohols. Although optimal activity was observed with linear 2-alcohols containing between 6 and 11(More)
The crystal structure of a non-specific porin from Paracoccus denitrificans at 3.1 A resolution has been solved by molecular replacement using the porin from Rhodopseudomonas blastica as the search model. Paracoccus porin is very similar to other non-specific porins of known structure: a trimer of 16 stranded beta-barrels each with a central pore(More)
Two mutations (S157A and Y159F) in the Rieske iron-sulfur subunit of the ubihydroquinone-cytochrome c oxidoreductase from Paracoccus denitrificans have been characterized with respect to the protein and [2Fe-2S] cluster stability, the enzyme activity and the redox potential of the [2Fe-2S] cluster. In the structure of the water-soluble fragment of the(More)
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) systems translocate a wide range of solutes across cellular membranes. The thermophilic gram-negative eubacterium Thermus thermophilus, a model organism for structural genomics and systems biology, discloses ∼46 ABC proteins, which are largely uncharacterized. Here, we functionally analyzed the first two and only ABC(More)