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The present study addresses the question of what kind of information children use when orientating in new environments, if given proximal and distal landmarks, and how spatial memory develops in the investigated age groups. Ten 5-year-old, ten 7-year-old and ten 10-year-old children were presented with the 'Kiel Locomotor Maze', containing features of the(More)
BACKGROUND Although deficits in attention and executive functions in patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) are well confirmed [Veiel, H.O.F., 1997. A preliminary profile of neuropsychological deficits associated with major depression. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 19, 587-603.]. The database regarding the relationship between(More)
Remote memory for public events was investigated in 14 demented patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), 14 non-demented PD patients, and 14 controls. These groups were compared with 16 demented patients with dementia that was due to Alzheimer or was of vascular origin (SDAVT), and with a group of elderly controls. The two demented groups were of a different(More)
The authors performed neuropsychological testing in 21 patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) and 21 with type 2 (DM2) and healthy controls. They detected no general cognitive deficit in either DM1 or DM2, but compared to controls, both groups of patients were inferior in tests of prefrontal functioning. Patient groups did not differ in any measure.(More)
This study assessed the acquisition of conditional-associations using neutral and individually threatening nouns in 16 females with anorexia nervosa (AN), 16 females with bulimia nervosa (BN) and 16 normal controls (NC). Groups did not differ in terms of age, sex, handedness, depression, intelligence, verbal memory and verbal fluency measures. Furthermore,(More)
The present study set out to examine the recovery of spatial learning and cognitive mapping skills after severe TBI in childhood. A prospective investigation was carried out with repeated measures. Children with TBI (n = 18) and healthy matched controls (n = 18) were investigated while the children with TBI stayed in a rehabilitation facility (t0) and 4(More)
A critical role in place learning has been attributed to place cells within the cornu ammonis 1 (CA1) sector of the hippocampus in rodents. The role of CA1 cells in the human hippocampus with regard to place learning remains elusive. Using a virtual Morris water maze, we investigated patients with acute transient global amnesia (TGA), a rare self-limiting(More)
The Kiel locomotor maze requires participants to choose five targets from among 20 locations marked by small red lights on the floor of a dimly lit circular environment having four wall-mounted extramaze cues and two intramaze cues at floor level. In the present study, acquisition of the real task was examined in 11-year-old children following prior(More)
Spatial behaviour was investigated using a spatial learning task based on the Radial Arm Maze, the Morris Water Maze, and open-field search-task procedures. Ninety-six healthy children from six age groups (3, 4, 5, 7, 10 and 12 years) with no history of CNS disorders were studied with respect to the emergence of position-, cue- and place responses.(More)