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BACKGROUND Treatment strategies for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) are still uncertain and its management is primarily empirical. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of splenectomy in the therapy of ITP and to evaluate whether medical or surgical treatment is superior. METHODS Ninety-two patients with ITP were included in the(More)
Background The combination of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB), PET-CT, and rapid on-site cytopathologic examination (ROSE) for the routine diagnostic work-up of peripheral lung lesions has not been evaluated previously. Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy and safety of ENB in combination with PET-CT and ROSE in(More)
RATIONALE The presence of airway obstruction is currently defined by Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines on the basis of the post-bronchodilator (BD) FEV(1)/FVC. It has been proposed that the traditional FVC can be replaced with the shorter and less demanding FEV(6) for detecting airway obstruction. OBJECTIVES A(More)
BACKGROUND In 2020 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) will be the third leading cause of death world-wide causing considerable health costs. Epidemiological data to estimate the future development of COPD in Austria were not available so far. METHODS In the context of the international Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study, a random(More)
BACKGROUND COPD is projected to be the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2020. The Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease initiative was started to measure the prevalence of COPD in a standardized way and to provide estimates of the social and economic burden of disease. METHODS We surveyed a gender-stratified, population-based sample of 2,200 adults(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health burden and profoundly affects individuals suffering from the disease. However, the majority of subjects with COPD are still undiagnosed. OBJECTIVES To evaluate COPD prevalence and detection strategies for COPD in the primary-care setting. METHODS The study was conducted in(More)
BACKGROUND Current guidelines recommend spirometry to confirm a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). AIMS To investigate whether a self-reported diagnosis of COPD is associated with prior spirometry and whether a correct diagnosis of COPD is more likely when spirometry was performed. METHODS We used data from the population-based(More)
BACKGROUND: In 2020 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) will be the third leading cause of death world-wide causing considerable health costs. Epidemiological data to estimate the future development of COPD in Austria were not available so far. METHODS: In the context of the international Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study, a random(More)
PURPOSE Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (¹⁸F-FDG)-PET/computed tomography (CT) is used for assessment of the extent and activity of disease in patients with inflammatory granulomatous lung disease, in particular sarcoidosis and tuberculosis. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to assess the value of ¹⁸F-FDG-PET/CT in the identification of previously(More)