Bernd Klaiber

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of shade-determining devices. For the daily practitioner, it is essential to know whether modern computer-aided shade selection is reliable in everyday life. So the question of how the clinical usability of these machines could be rated has to be clarified. In the following, three actual devices(More)
OBJECTIVES In previous studies it has been demonstrated that the Er:YAG laser can be used to prepare cavities efficiently and without thermal damage to the adjacent dental hard and soft tissues. To investigate the patients' response to Er:YAG laser preparation of teeth, a prospective clinical study was performed in five dental hospitals. METHODS To(More)
This study compares commercially available light-emitting diode (LED) lights with a quartz tungsten halogen (QTH) unit for photo-activating resin-based composites (RBC). Shrinkage strain kinetics and temperature within the RBC were measured simultaneously using the 'deflecting disc technique' and a thermocouple. Surface hardness (Knoop) at the bottom of(More)
This study assessed defect depth and volume resulting from root instrumentation using a magnetostrictive ultrasonic scaler with a slim scaling tip (P 12) in vitro. Combinations of the following working parameters were analyzed: lateral forces of 0.5 N, 1 N, and 2 N; tip angulations of 0 degrees, 45 degrees, and 90 degrees; power settings of low, medium, and(More)
This study investigated the efficiency of chemical activation of dual-cure resin-based luting cements as compared with light- and dual-curing. Curing was performed by (i) mixing base and catalyst without subsequent irradiation (chemical curing=CC), (ii) mixing base and catalyst with direct irradiation (dual-cure=DC) or with (iii) irradiation through 2.5 mm(More)
48 adult patients with untreated periodontitis harboring subgingival Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and/or Porphyromonas gingivalis as assessed by PCR were randomly assigned to receive full-mouth scaling alone (control) or scaling with systemic metronidazole plus amoxicillin and supragingival irrigation with chlorhexidine digluconate (test). In(More)
This study assessed defect depth and volume resulting from root instrumentation using a piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler with a slim scaling tip in vitro. Combinations of the following working parameters were analyzed: lateral forces of 0.5 N, 1 N, and 2 N; tip angulations of 0 degrees, 45 degrees, and 90 degrees; power settings of low, medium and high; and(More)
The study tests the hypothesis that soft-start irradiation improves, whereas, high intensity irradiation compromises the margin quality and marginal seal of Class V resin based composite [RBC] restorations. Box-shaped Class V cavities were prepared in extracted, human third molars with cervical margins located apical to the CEJ. Cavities were restored using(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine polymerization shrinkage kinetics and hardness of photo-activated polymer matrix composites (PMC) after plasma arc vs. halogen standard or soft-start irradiation. METHODS Polymerization shrinkage was measured using the 'deflecting disk technique', and Knoop hardness was measured at the bottom of 1.5 mm thick specimens stored for 24(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the influence of post type and luting material on bond strength to dentin. METHODS The root canals of extracted human upper central incisors were instrumented and post space was prepared using the respective drills for each post system. Glass fiber posts (Luscent Anchor, Dentatus [LA]) were luted using three dual-curing adhesive(More)