Bernd Keller

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With the invention of electrospray ionization and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization, scientists employing modern mass spectrometry naturally face new challenges with respect to background interferences and contaminants that might not play a significant role in traditional or other analytical techniques. Efforts to continuously minimize sample(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids regulate metabolic pathways, which in early development could have important consequences to adaptation to extra-uterine life and programming of metabolic pathways. Female rats were fed one of two diets identical in all nutrients, except that the fat in one diet was high in unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) and the other low UFA,(More)
BACKGROUND Human milk contains unique glycerophospholipids, including ethanolamine-containing plasmalogens (Pls-PEs) in the milk fat globule membrane, which have been implicated in infant brain development. Brain Pls-PEs accumulate postnatally and are enriched in long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs), particularly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).(More)
The n-3 fatty acids contribute to regulation of hepatic fatty acid oxidation and synthesis in adults and accumulate in fetal and infant liver in variable amounts depending on the maternal diet fat composition. Using 2D gel proteomics and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry, we recently identified altered abundance of(More)
RATIONALE Electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) offers the unique opportunity to characterize complexes of the organophosphorus pesticide (OP) quinalphos (PA-Q) with transition metal ions immediately formed after contact. This study complements research looking at longer term kinetics of quinalphos hydrolysis in the presence of(More)
In metabolomic analysis of human milk amines, we found a previously unidentified compound. This was tentatively identified as hypaphorine, an indole alkaloid composed of tryptophan and three methyls, and with neurological and glucose-lowering effects in rodents. Hypaphorine identity was confirmed by hypaphorine synthesis, and then a fluorometric method was(More)
Understanding the importance of dietary fat has grown beyond energy metabolism to recognition of the complex roles of fatty acids, particularly the ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acids in membrane lipids, inter- and intracellular communication and in regulating gene expression. The ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acids accumulated in developing tissues depend on the fatty acids(More)
In metabolomic studies using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry of urine from children with cystic fibrosis (CF), high levels of metabolites of low molecular weight phthalates were found. Phthalate metabolite excretion was explained by therapy with enteric-coated pancreatic enzyme replacements. Phthalate metabolite identity was confirmed by tandem mass(More)
Considerable information has accumulated to show that DHA and EPA have unique roles that differ from other n-3 fatty acids and the n-6 fatty acids, with increasing understanding of the mechanisms through which these fatty acids reduce risk of disease. DHA and EPA regulate hepatic lipid and glucose metabolism, but are present in foods of animal origin, which(More)
We consider several problems regarding the eigenvalues of regular graphs, their connection with expansion and gaps between primes. Using non-elementary methods, J.-P. Serre has proved several theorems regarding the extreme eigenvalues of regular graphs. In the first part, we present new and elementary proofs of some of Serre’s results. We also discuss the(More)