Bernd Jahrsdoerfer

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The Toll-like receptor (TLR)9 is critical for the recognition of immunostimulatory CpG motifs but may cooperate with other TLRs. We analyzed TLR1-10 mRNA expression by using quantitative real-time PCR in highly purified subsets of human PBMC and determined the sensitivity of these subsets to CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN). TLR1 and TLR6 were expressed in(More)
The immature plasmacytoid dendritic cell (PDC) is identical with the principal type I IFN-producing cell upon viral infection. Oligodeoxynucleotides which contain unmethylated CpG motifs (CpG ODN) are recognized by the vertebrate immune system. Previously, we described CpG ODN that strongly activate human B cells and human blood dendritic cells. Here we(More)
The immune system of vertebrates is able to detect bacterial DNA based on the presence of unmethylated CpG motifs. We examined the therapeutic potential of oligodeoxynucleotides with CpG motifs (CpG ODN) in a colon carcinoma model in BALB/c mice. Tumors were induced by s.c. injection of syngeneic C26 cells or Renca kidney cancer cells as a control.(More)
The detection of microbial molecules via Toll-like receptors (TLR) in B cells is not well characterized. In this study, we found that both naive and memory B cells lack TLR4 (receptor for LPS) but express TLR9 (receptor for CpG motifs) and produce IL-6, TNF-alpha, and IL-10 upon stimulation with CpG oligonucleotides (ODN), synthetic mimics of microbial DNA.(More)
Immunostimulatory oligodeoxynucleotides (IS ODN) can mediate a number of immunologic effects. We previously demonstrated that treatment of B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells with one class of IS ODN, CpG ODN, alters their phenotype and increases their immunogenicity. Here, we demonstrate that in contrast to the classic understanding of CpG(More)
B cells currently are not viewed as being capable of producing granzyme B or being cytotoxic. We found that B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells treated with interleukin-21 (IL-21) produce low levels of granzyme B. The addition of either CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) or anti-B-cell-receptor antibody (anti-BCR) to IL-21 results in enhanced(More)
The pathogenic impact of tumor-infiltrating B cells is unresolved at present, however, some studies suggest that they may have immune regulatory potential. Here, we report that the microenvironment of various solid tumors includes B cells that express granzyme B (GrB, GZMB), where these B cells can be found adjacent to interleukin (IL)-21-secreting(More)
Inhibition of bcl-2 expression by antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) might render bcl-2 overexpressing malignant B cells more susceptible to chemotherapy. ODN containing unmethylated CG dinucleotides (CpG) are known to activate B cells. We studied the effects of two bcl-2 antisense ODN, with (G3139) or without CG dinucleotides (NOV 2009) within the(More)
Preclinical and early clinical trials indicate synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides containing unmethylated CG dinucleotides (CpG ODN) have potent immunostimulatory effects and can enhance the anti-cancer activity of a variety of cancer treatments. Synergy between CpG ODN and monoclonal antibodies has been noted in various preclinical models. Early clinical(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cell (PDC)-derived IFN-alpha plays a central role in antiviral defense and in Th1-driven autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In the current study, we explored how PGE2 effects the phenotype of PDCs from healthy and SLE subjects. Although PGE2 is considered to mediate mainly proinflammatory effects, we show(More)