Bernd Heimrich

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Glutamate receptors of the AMPA-subtype (AMPARs), together with the transmembrane AMPAR regulatory proteins (TARPs), mediate fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the mammalian brain. Here, we show by proteomic analysis that the majority of AMPARs in the rat brain are coassembled with two members of the cornichon family of transmembrane proteins, rather(More)
The transcription factors neuronal helix-loop-helix protein (NEX)/mammalian atonal homolog 2 (Math-2), BETA2/neuronal determination factor (NeuroD), and NeuroD-related factor (NDRF)/NeuroD2 comprise a family of Drosophila atonal-related basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins with highly overlapping expression in the developing forebrain. The ability of(More)
The factors determining the layer-specific termination of hippocampal afferents are not known. Previous studies have suggested that the laminated termination of afferent fiber systems is caused by their sequential ingrowth during development. Here we have tested this temporal hypothesis of fiber segregation by an in vitro confrontation system in which the(More)
Myelin is crucial for the stabilization of axonal projections in the developing and adult mammalian brain. However, myelin components also act as a non-permissive and repellent substrate for outgrowing axons. Therefore, one major factor which accounts for the lack of axonal regeneration in the mature brain is myelin. Here we report on the appearance of(More)
Cajal-Retzius (CR) cells are transient, pioneer neurons of layer I of the cortex that are believed to play essential roles in corticogenesis, e.g., in neuronal migration and synaptogenesis. Here we have used calretinin immunostaining to study the characteristics, survival, and fate of CR cells in single organotypic slice cultures of mouse neocortex and(More)
Beta interferon (IFN-β) is a major component of innate immunity in mammals, but information on the in vivo source of this cytokine after pathogen infection is still scarce. To identify the cell types responsible for IFN-β production during viral encephalitis, we used reporter mice that express firefly luciferase under the control of the IFN-β promoter and(More)
Partial removal of layer-specific afferents of the hippocampus is said to induce sprouting of intact fibers from neighboring layers that invade the zone of the degenerating axons. However, recent in vivo and in vitro studies using sensitive anterograde tracers have failed to demonstrate sprouting across laminar boundaries. Sprouting does occur; but, it(More)
By using slice cultures of hippocampus as a model, we have studied the development of dendritic spines in fascia dentata granule cells. We raised the question as to what extent spine development is dependent on a major afferent input to these neurons, the fibers from the entorhinal cortex and neuronal activity mediated by these axons. Our results can be(More)
Cajal-Retzius (CR) cells are characteristic horizontally orientated, early-generated transient neurons in the marginal zones of the neocortex and hippocampus that synthesize the extracellular matrix protein reelin. They have been implicated in the pathfinding of entorhino-hippocampal axons, but their role in this process remained unclear. Here we have(More)