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Glutamate receptors of the AMPA-subtype (AMPARs), together with the transmembrane AMPAR regulatory proteins (TARPs), mediate fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the mammalian brain. Here, we show by proteomic analysis that the majority of AMPARs in the rat brain are coassembled with two members of the cornichon family of transmembrane proteins, rather(More)
The transcription factors neuronal helix-loop-helix protein (NEX)/mammalian atonal homolog 2 (Math-2), BETA2/neuronal determination factor (NeuroD), and NeuroD-related factor (NDRF)/NeuroD2 comprise a family of Drosophila atonal-related basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins with highly overlapping expression in the developing forebrain. The ability of(More)
We have studied the organization and cellular differentiation of dentate granule cells and their axons, the mossy fibers, in reeler mutant mice lacking reelin and in mutants lacking the reelin receptors very low density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) and apolipoprotein E receptor 2 (ApoER2). We show that granule cells in reeler mice do not form a densely(More)
By using slice cultures of hippocampus as a model, we have studied the development of dendritic spines in fascia dentata granule cells. We raised the question as to what extent spine development is dependent on a major afferent input to these neurons, the fibers from the entorhinal cortex and neuronal activity mediated by these axons. Our results can be(More)
Myelin is crucial for the stabilization of axonal projections in the developing and adult mammalian brain. However, myelin components also act as a non-permissive and repellent substrate for outgrowing axons. Therefore, one major factor which accounts for the lack of axonal regeneration in the mature brain is myelin. Here we report on the appearance of(More)
The extent of the intra- and infrapyramidal mossy fiber projection (IIP-MF) in the hippocampus of mice and rats is strain-specific, and correlates negatively with the strain-specific capacity of avoidance learning. If variations of the IIP-MF influence the capacity for 2-way avoidance learning, then developmental modification of the IIP-MF projection in an(More)
In the hippocampus of Borna disease virus (BDV)-infected newborn rats, dentate granule cells undergo progressive cell death. BDV is noncytolytic, and the pathogenesis of this neurodevelopmental damage in the absence of immunopathology remains unclear. A suitable model system to study early events of the pathology is lacking. We show here that organotypic(More)
Neurons of the tuberomammillary nucleus in the posterior hypothalamus diffusely project to most parts of the central nervous system, where their main transmitter, histamine, modulates the excitability of the target neurons. The development of a histaminergic hypothalamo-hippocampal pathway and its function were studied in organotypic co-cultures.(More)
Organotypic cultures of histaminergic tuberomammillary (TM) neurons were grown using explants obtained from newborn rats. The cultures were examined after immunohistochemical localization of the histamine synthetic enzyme, L-histidine decarboxylase (HDC). The morphological properties of the somata, dendrites and axons of HDC-immunoreactive TM neurons in(More)
During development of the nervous system, specific recognition molecules provide the cues necessary for the formation of neural connections. In some regions, guiding cues for axonal pathfinding and target selection are provided by specific cells that exist only transiently during development, such as the floorplate or the cortical subplate. In the(More)