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Exchange. The comments and opinions expressed in this paper are the authors' and do not necessarily reflect those of the directors, members, or officers of the New York Stock Exchange. The paper is a revised version of " Liquidity Supply and Demand in Limit Order Markets. " We thank the Abstract We present a method for identifying and estimating the gains(More)
OBJECTIVE Selective inhibitors of 11beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase type I may be of therapeutical interest for two reasons: i) 9alpha-Fluorinated 11-dehydrosteroids like 11-dehydro-dexamethasone (DH-D) are rapidly activated by human kidney 11beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase type II (11beta-HSD-II) to dexamethasone (D). If the same reaction by hepatic(More)
BACKGROUND There have been contradictory reports on the benefit of CEA and CA 19-9 measurements in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer using palliative chemotherapy. The object of this study was to examine the diagnostic accuracy of monitoring of palliative chemotherapy by means of CEA and CA 19-9. PATIENTS AND METHODS The tumour markers CEA and CA(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant treatment comprising weekly high-dose 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) as a 24-hour infusion, folinic acid (FA) and biweekly oxaliplatin (L-OHP), followed by metastatic resection in patients with primarily resectable liver metastases of colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS 20 patients with primarily(More)
In rotogravure industry, contributing considerably to mass color printing of catalogues and magazines, toluene is still extensively used as paint solvent, and many printers have been exposed to this chemical for several decades. Information on adverse health effects associated with long-term toluene exposure is still controversial. In a multi-center study,(More)
Recently, two distinct isoenzymes of 11beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) have been cloned and characterized in several species: The isoenzyme 11beta-HSD-I is widely distributed, bidirectional, prefers NADP(H) and has a low substrate affinity. The isoenzyme 11beta-HSD-II seems to exclusively oxidize physiological glucocorticoids, uses NAD as(More)
Connective tissue turnover plays a prominent role in tumour growth and metastasis. We followed serum levels of seven connective tissue parameters in 37 patients with colorectal cancer metastatic to the liver prior to and during chemotherapy. Serum samples with episodes of tumour control (n=112) showed an increase of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2)(More)
The presence of an 11 beta-hydroxyl group is essential for the anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects of glucocorticoids. Interconversion of the 11 beta-hydroxyl into the corresponding 11 beta-keto group and vice versa by 11 beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD) may thus play a pivotal role in the efficacy of these steroids. Therefore, we(More)
Ten healthy male volunteers were studied to compare the effects of simultaneous versus sequential inflation of antishock trousers (AST) and simultaneous inflation pressures of 20, 40, and 100 mm Hg on blood volume displacement centrally. Radioisotope scans were used to determine the change in blood volume distribution with various inflation methods and(More)
Selective prevention and stage-orientated treatment of the diabetic foot syndrome helps to avoid late complications. A prerequisite is good blood sugar control, early use of ACE inhibitors, CSE inhibitors and--based on the vascular situation, with consideration given to indications--platelet aggregation inhibitors. Regular inspection of the feet must be(More)