Bernd H. Kalinna

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Schistosomes feed on human blood. They employ proteases to degrade hemoglobin from ingested erythrocytes, using the residues released for amino acid metabolism. However, the identity and the role of the participating protease(s) are unclear and controversial. Confocal microscopy localized schistosomal cathepsin D to the parasite gastrodermis, and revealed(More)
Retroviral transduction of cultured schistosomes offers a potential means to establish transgenic lines of schistosomes and thereby to facilitate the elucidation of schistosome gene function and expression. The Moloney murine leukemia retroviral (MMLV) vector pLNHX was modified to incorporate EGFP or luciferase reporter genes under control of schistosome(More)
The transposon piggyBac from the genome of the cabbage looper moth Trichoplusia ni has been observed in the laboratory to jump into the genomes of key model and pathogenic eukaryote organisms including mosquitoes, planarians, human and other mammalian cells, and the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Introduction of exogenous transposons into(More)
Of the major families of long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons, the Pao/BEL family is probably the least well studied. It is becoming apparent that numerous LTR retrotransposons and other mobile genetic elements have colonized the genome of the human blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni. A proviral form of Sinbad, a new LTR retrotransposon, was identified(More)
Schistosomes acquire amino acids for growth, development, and reproduction by catabolizing hemoglobin obtained from ingested host erythrocytes. While the biochemical pathway(s) involved has not been determined definitively, a number of proteases including schistosome legumain and cathepsin L-, D-, B- and C-like enzymes have been ascribed roles in the(More)
We describe the cDNA cloning, overproduction and purification of a 22.6-kDa antigen from the human blood fluke Schistosoma japonicum. A 777-bp cDNA (C32) was isolated from a S. japonicum lambda ZAPII cDNA expression library immuno-screened with hyperimmune rabbit serum (HRS) raised against soluble adult S. japonicum proteins. The open reading frame of C32(More)
We report the gene cloning, molecular characterisation and purification of a 14.7-kDa functionally active recombinant (re) cytoplasmic fatty acid-binding protein (Sj-FABPC) from the Chinese strain of the human bloodfluke Schistosoma japonicum (Sj). As schistosomes are unable to synthesise long chain fatty acids and sterols de novo and must, therefore, take(More)
A cDNA encoding a Schistosoma japonicum aspartic proteinase was cloned, sequenced, and found to encode a zymogen of 380 amino acid residues, and its gene was shown to be present as a single copy in the S. japonicum genome. Identity comparisons showed that the enzyme (Sjpasp) was most closely related to the cathepsin Ds. The deduced amino acid sequence has(More)
Because tropical medicine and parasitology research has moved into the postgenomic era, an enormous amount of gene sequence information for parasitic helminths is now accumulating. These sequences undoubtedly hold information that can be used for new interventions and control. However, to exploit the new resource, methods for gene manipulation and(More)
The development of an effective vaccine is recognised as a necessary adjunct to the control of schistosomiasis japonica, a disease affecting several million people in China and the Philippines. Currently, recombinant Schistosoma japonicum molecules are considered most suitable for large scale vaccine production and a number of genes encoding vaccine(More)