Bernd Grosswendt

Learn More
Using the Monte Carlo method, backscatter factors were calculated for cylindrical phantoms (diameter, 33 cm; thickness along the beam direction, 20 cm) of various composition (water, graphite, acrylic glass, and M3) for x-ray beams of a mean energy between 7.5 and 52.0 keV, corresponding to first half-value layers in aluminium between 0.036 and 4.3 mm,(More)
We present a nanodosimetric model for predicting the yield of double strand breaks (DSBs) and non-DSB clustered damages induced in irradiated DNA. The model uses experimental ionization cluster size distributions measured in a gas model by an ion counting nanodosimeter or, alternatively, distributions simulated by a Monte Carlo track structure code(More)
PURPOSE To measure the yield of DNA strand breaks and clustered lesions in plasmid DNA irradiated with protons, helium nuclei, and y-rays. MATERIALS AND METHODS Plasmid DNA was irradiated with 1.03, 19.3 and 249 MeV protons (linear energy transfer = 25.5, 2.7, and 0.39 keV microm(-1) respectively), 26 MeV helium nuclei (25.5 keV microm) and gamma-rays(More)
Despite the importance of ionization yield formation in sub-cellular structures a few nanometres in size, with regard to radiation damage our present knowledge in this respect is almost exclusively based on Monte Carlo simulations which in turn are based on cross section sets for water vapour or liquid water. Experimental data, although urgently needed, are(More)
In view of the fact that early damage to genes and cells by ionising radiation starts with the early damage to segments of the DNA, it is a great challenge to radiation research to describe the general behaviour of ionising radiation in nanometric target volumes (nanodosimetry). After summarising basic aspects of nanodosimetry, an overview is given about(More)
The likelihood of radiation to produce clustered damages in irradiated biological tissue and the reparability of such damages are closely related to the stochastics of localised ionising interactions within small volumes of nanometre sizes, determined by the particle track structure. Track structure investigations in nanometre-sized volumes have been(More)
Probability distributions of the size of ion clusters created in "nanometric" volumes of nitrogen by single alpha-particles of a gold-plated 241Am source, were measured and compared with those calculated by Monte Carlo methods in the same geometry. The diameter of the sensitive volumes had a mass per area of between 0.015 microgram/cm2 and 1.3(More)
We present the first results of our attempts to correlate yields of ionisation clusters in a gas model of DNA and corresponding double-strand break (DSB) yields in irradiated plasmids, using a simple statistical model of DNA lesion formation. Based on the same statistical model, we also provide a comparison of simulated nanodosimetric data for electrons and(More)
'QUADOS', a Concerted Action of the European Commission, has run an intercomparison aimed at evaluating the use of computational codes for dosimetry in radiation protection and medical physics. This intercomparison was open to all users of Monte Carlo, analytic and semi-analytic codes or deterministic methods. Its main aim was to provide a snapshot of the(More)
Ionisation cluster-size distributions in nanometric volumes of liquid water were determined for alpha particles at 4.6 and 5.4 MeV by measuring cluster-size frequencies in small gaseous volumes of nitrogen or propane at low gas pressure as well as by applying a suitable scaling procedure. This scaling procedure was based on the mean free ionisation lengths(More)