Bernd Granzen

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BACKGROUND Preliminary results of combined neoadjuvant chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and postradiation interferon beta (IFN-beta) in children and adolescents with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, especially in high-risk patients, have been promising. METHODS From 1992 to 2003, 59 patients (58 high-risk patients and 1 low-risk patient, median age 13 yrs; range,(More)
Five cell lines selected for resistance to the cytotoxicity of inhibitors of DNA topoisomerase II have point mutations in the gene that codes for the M(r) 170,000 form of this enzyme. In each case, the mutation results in an amino acid change in or near an ATP binding sequence of the M(r) 170,000 isozyme of topoisomerase II. We used single-strand(More)
BACKGROUND The authors report preliminary results from a prospective multicenter study (Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma [NPC] 2003 German Society of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology/German Children's Oncology Group [NPC-2003-GPOH/DCOG]). METHODS From 2003 to 2010, 45 patients (ages 8-20 years), including 1 patient with stage II NPC and 44 patients with stage(More)
Primary angiosarcoma of the spleen is rare and the prognosis is very poor. The authors present a 2-year-old girl with spontaneous rupture of splenic angiosarcoma. At diagnosis there were liver metastases. After splenectomy she received chemotherapy with ifosfamide, vincristine, and actinomycine D combined with a partial liver resection. She remained in(More)
BACKGROUND Although diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) carries the worst prognosis of all pediatric brain tumors, studies on prognostic factors in DIPG are sparse. To control for confounding variables in DIPG studies, which generally include relatively small patient numbers, a survival prediction tool is needed. METHODS A multicenter retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND The increasing use of chemotherapy has improved the prognosis of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), and the authors demonstrated the beneficial effect of adjuvant interferon (IFN)-beta in a previous pilot study of children with advanced stage NPC. The current multi-institutional, cooperative GPOH (Gesellschaft für Pädiatrische(More)
An algorithm for processing data on nuclear DNA content obtained cytophotometrically was developed (1) to obtain an objective discrimination between benign and malignant lesions in conventional cytologic smears secondarily stained according to Feulgen and (2) to obtain an objective degree of tumor malignancy on a continuous scale of malignancy grades.(More)
Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a rare histiocytic disorder primarily observed during the first 2 years of life. Most patients present with a solitary cutaneous lesion; however, others present with extracutaneous manifestations or even with systemic involvement. The authors describe a 2-month-old boy in whom was diagnosed a unifocal extracutaneous JXG(More)
Although most cases of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) are characterized by the chromosomal translocation t(2;13)(q35;q14), several cases have been reported with a variant t(1;13)(p36;q14). We present the clinical, morphological and cytogenetic features of an alveolar RMS in a 4-year-old boy. Chromosomal analysis revealed a hypertriploid to hypotetraploid(More)