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Targeted ablation of caveolin-1 (cav-1) results in a severe cardiomyopathy. How the loss of cav-1 mediates these abnormalities is currently under investigation. Mounting evidence indicates that cav-1 acts as a negative regulator of endothelial nitric oxide synthase resulting in a constitutive hyperactivation of the nitric oxide (NO)-pathway in cav-1(More)
Reperfusion injury is strongly involved in the loss of functional heart tissue in patients after acute myocardial infarction. Various signal transduction pathways to reduce infarct size during reperfusion have been characterized. However, so far in the clinical setting no standard therapies are applied due to the lack of suitable drugs. Levosimendan, a(More)
Recently generated caveolin-1 deficient mice (cav-1 ko) suffer from severe lung fibrosis with marked pulmonary hypertension and arterial hypoxemia and may therefore serve as an useful animal model of this devastating human disorder. Accumulating evidence strongly supports the negative regulatory influence of caveolin-1 on endothelial nitric oxide synthase(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies in breast cancer patients and Trastuzumab therapy (Herceptin) showed a development of a toxic cardiomyopathy as a severe complication. The aim of this study was to discover early changes in cardiac function and morphology. METHODS We studied 42 female patients with Her-2/-neu over-expression in breast cancer by echocardiography(More)
PURPOSE This study examines if ischemic postconditioning is preserved in hypertrophied myocardium of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS Infarct sizes, hemodynamic, morphometric, and biochemical parameters were obtained from normotensive controls [Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats] and compared with SHRs. In open-chest rats, the infarct size was(More)
Myocardial infarct size can be limited by pharmacological postconditioning (pPC) with cardioprotective agents. Cardioprotective effects of neuregulin-1β (NRG) via activation of protein kinase B (Akt) and downstream pathways like endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) have been postulated based on results from cell culture experiments. The purpose of this(More)
BACKGROUND Emulsified perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are preferentially phagocytized by monocytes/macrophages and are readily detected by (19)F MRI. This study tests the hypothesis that (19)F MRI can be used to quantitate pulmonary inflammation by tracking of infiltrating PFC-loaded monocytes. METHODS AND RESULTS Pneumonia was induced in mice by intratracheal(More)
In a previous study of breast cancer patients, we found changes in cardiac function and size during the early stages of adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin®) therapy. Here we present a subgroup analysis of this patient cohort. This subgroup received a anthracycline-embedded chemotherapy followed by at least 3 months up to 6 months of adjuvant Herceptin®(More)