Fenobam [N-(3-chlorophenyl)-N'-(4,5-dihydro-1-methyl-4-oxo-1H-imidazole-2-yl)urea] is an atypical anxiolytic agent with unknown molecular target that has previously been demonstrated both in rodents and human to exert anxiolytic activity. Here, we report that fenobam is a selective and potent metabotropic glutamate (mGlu)5 receptor antagonist acting at an… (More)
RATIONALE GABAA alpha5 subunit-containing receptors are primarily expressed in the hippocampus and their role in learning and memory has been demonstrated recently by both genetic and pharmacological approaches. OBJECTIVES The objective of the study is to evaluate the cognitive effects of a novel GABAA alpha5 receptor inverse agonist, RO4938581 in rats… (More)
Recently, we disclosed 4-aminoquinolines as structurally novel NR1/2B subtype selective NMDA receptor antagonists. We would now like to report our findings on structurally related pyridine analogues. The SAR developed in this series resulted in the discovery of high affinity antagonists which are selective (vs alpha1 and M1 receptors) and active in vivo.
Starting from Ro-25-6981 as a lead compound, highly potent and selective NR1/2B subtype selective NMDA receptor antagonists, with low activity at alpha(1) adrenergic receptors were developed.
A series of 4-(3,4-dihydro-1H-isoquinolin-2yl)-pyridines and analogous quinolines was prepared and evaluated as NR1/2B subtype selective NMDA receptor antagonists. 2-Hydroxyalkylamino substitution combines high affinity with selectivity (vs alpha1 and M1 receptors) and activity in vivo.