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Fenobam [N-(3-chlorophenyl)-N'-(4,5-dihydro-1-methyl-4-oxo-1H-imidazole-2-yl)urea] is an atypical anxiolytic agent with unknown molecular target that has previously been demonstrated both in rodents and human to exert anxiolytic activity. Here, we report that fenobam is a selective and potent metabotropic glutamate (mGlu)5 receptor antagonist acting at an… (More)
The metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5) is a glutamate-activated class C G protein-coupled receptor widely expressed in the central nervous system and clinically investigated as a drug target for a range of indications, including depression, Parkinson's disease, and fragile X syndrome. Here, we present the novel potent, selective, and orally… (More)
RATIONALE GABAA alpha5 subunit-containing receptors are primarily expressed in the hippocampus and their role in learning and memory has been demonstrated recently by both genetic and pharmacological approaches. OBJECTIVES The objective of the study is to evaluate the cognitive effects of a novel GABAA alpha5 receptor inverse agonist, RO4938581 in rats… (More)
Lead optimisation of the imidazo[1,5-a][1,2,4]-triazolo[1,5-d][1,4]benzodiazepine class led to the identification of two clinical leads [RO4882224 (11) and RO4938581 (44)] functioning as novel potent and selective GABAA alpha5 inverse agonists. The unique pharmacological profiles and optimal pharmacokinetic profiles resulted in in vivo activity in selected… (More)
Screening of the Roche compound depository led to the identification of (1-benzyloxy-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-butyl amine 4, a structurally novel NR1/2B subtype selective NMDA receptor antagonist. The structure-activity relationships developed in this series resulted in the discovery of a novel class of potent and selective NMDA receptor blockers… (More)
Recently, we disclosed 4-aminoquinolines as structurally novel NR1/2B subtype selective NMDA receptor antagonists. We would now like to report our findings on structurally related pyridine analogues. The SAR developed in this series resulted in the discovery of high affinity antagonists which are selective (vs alpha1 and M1 receptors) and active in vivo.
A method is reported by which agarose beads of diameter 1000 to 10000 microns can be prepared from Sepharose (R) 4B (native bead diameter 40 to 190 microns). Haemoperfusion experiments indicate that the enlarged beads are relatively haemocompatible; platelet loss is considerably less than that reported for many other bio-materials employed in… (More)
A novel class of potent and stable mGlu5 receptor antagonists was developed by combining information from a high-throughput screening campaign with the structure of the known anxiolytic fenobam. Representative compounds from this class show favorable pharmacokinetic properties and are active in an in vivo model of anxiety.
Negative allosteric modulators (NAMs) of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5) have potential for the treatment of psychiatric diseases including depression, fragile X syndrome (FXS), anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and levodopa induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease. Herein we report the optimization of a weakly active screening hit 1 to… (More)
Optimization of affinity and microsomal stability led to identification of the potent, metabolically stable fenobam analog 4l. Robust in vivo efficacy of 4l was demonstrated in four different models of anxiety. Additionally, a ligand based pharmacophore alignment of fenobam and MPEP is proposed.