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OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine the risk for the development of high depressive symptoms in study participants with diagnosed and previously undetected diabetes mellitus compared to those without diabetes in a prospective population-based cohort study in Germany. METHODS We estimated the 5-year cumulative incidence of high(More)
U ndetected diabetes and prediabetes are common (1–3). In decision analytic models of diabetes prevention and screening in particular, the differentiation in costs of detected, unde-tected, and prediabetic cases are important (4). To the best of our knowledge, no study has determined costs using population-based data with oral glucose tolerance test(More)
1. Introduction Modern e-Learning Systems (eLS) are expected to be innovative not only concerning comprehensive representation of content enriched by multimedia, but also in the integration of learning situations in contexts suitable for students. Suitable, motivating contexts can be " fun " as found in strategic games or business simulations or of a more "(More)
This paper reflects on the possibilities to specify IDLEs (Intelligent Distributed Learning Environments). These are distributed multi-party eLearning environments with AI-components (generative expert systems, learner models, etc). IDLEs offer intelligent, learner adapted, anytime services to learners (eg. e-diagnosis of solution proposals, e-consulting in(More)
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