Bernardo Léo Wajchenberg

Learn More
Methods for assessment, e.g., anthropometric indicators and imaging techniques, of several phenotypes of human obesity, with special reference to abdominal fat content, have been evaluated. The correlation of fat distribution with age, gender, total body fat, energy balance, adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase and lipolytic activity, adipose tissue receptors,(More)
There is a progressive deterioration in beta-cell function and mass in type 2 diabetics. It was found that islet function was about 50% of normal at the time of diagnosis, and a reduction in beta-cell mass of about 60% was shown at necropsy. The reduction of beta-cell mass is attributable to accelerated apoptosis. The major factors for progressive loss of(More)
OBJECTIVE Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) ameliorates type 2 diabetes in severely obese patients through mechanisms beyond just weight loss, and it may benefit less obese diabetic patients. We determined the long-term impact of RYGB on patients with diabetes and only class I obesity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Sixty-six consecutively selected diabetic(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical features and natural history of adrenocortical carcinoma are highly dependent on the type of center reporting their experience. Observations from oncology services suggest a high incidence of nonfunctioning tumors, whereas reports from endocrine clinics emphasize excessive corticoid and androgen production in the majority of tumors.(More)
Body composition determined by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and the abdominal visceral fat component determined by computed tomographic scanning were examined in women with Cushing's disease and compared with those in obese women with the same anthropometric parameters and those in nonobese women. Patients with Cushing's had no increase in total body(More)
Obesity is commonly associated with elevated plasma free fatty acid (FFA) levels, as well as with insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia, two important cardiovascular risk factors. What causes insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia in obesity remains uncertain. Here, we have tested the hypothesis that FFAs are the link between obesity and insulin(More)
Familial male-limited precocious puberty (FMPP) is an autosomal dominant gonadotropin-independent disorder. Affected males generally develop signs of precocious puberty in early childhood. They typically show Leydig cell hyperplasia and increased testosterone production typical for their age, whereas circulating LH concentrations remain prepubertal. Several(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the ability of desmopressin to stimulate the pituitary-adrenal axis in patients with Cushing's syndrome. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS The cortisol response to 5 ot 10 micrograms of intravenous desmopressin was evaluated in 31 patients with Cushing's syndrome of several aetiologies and in 15 normal subjects. RESULTS Cortisol responses were(More)