Bernardo G Gasperin

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Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are involved in paracrine control of follicle development. It was previously demonstrated that FGF10 decreases estradiol (E(2)) secretion in granulosa cell culture and that theca cell FGF10 mRNA expression is decreased in healthy follicles from abattoir ovaries. The main objectives of this study were to evaluate FGF10 and(More)
It is generally understood that angiotensin II (AngII) promotes follicle atresia in rats, although recent data suggested that this may not be true in cattle. In this study, we aimed to determine in vivo whether AngII alters follicle development in cattle, using intrafollicular injection of AngII or antagonist into the growing dominant follicle or the second(More)
Oocyte meiotic resumption is triggered by the ovulatory gonadotropin surge; in cattle, angiotensin II (AngII) and prostaglandins (PG) are key mediators of this gonadotropin-induced event. Here, we tested the hypothesis that progesterone (P(4)) is also involved in oocyte meiotic resumption induced by the gonadotropin surge. In Experiment I, P(4) induced(More)
A complex network of endocrine/paracrine signals regulates granulosa-cell function in ovarian follicles. Mechanistic target of rapamycin (MTOR) has recently emerged as a master intracellular integrator of extracellular signals and nutrient availability. The objectives of the present study were to characterize the expression pattern and kinase activity of(More)
Angiotensin II (AngII) has a role in ovarian follicle development, ovulation, and oocyte meiotic resumption. The objective of the present study was to characterise the AngII profile and the mRNA encoding RAS proteins in a bovine follicular wave. Cows were ovariectomised when the size between the largest (F1) and the second largest follicle (F2) was not(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) II is widely known for its role in the control of systemic blood vessels. Moreover, Ang II acts on the vascular control of ovarian function, corpus luteum formation, and luteolysis. Over the past 10 years, our research group has been studying the new concept of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) as an autocrine/paracrine factor regulating(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins are known to be involved in determining ovulation rate in mammals. The mechanisms through which these proteins determine follicle fate are incompletely understood. In the present study, we used cattle as a model to evaluate the regulation of BMP15 and GDF9 receptors in granulosa cells during dominant follicle (DF) selection.(More)
Follicle development is coordinated by gonadotropins, steroids, and growth factors, which activate multiple signaling pathways. Phosphorylated-MAPK (pMAPK) level was indicated as an early marker of follicle dominance, whereas phosphorylated STAT3 (pSTAT3) was increased in granulosa cells of hypophysectomized rats. We hypothesized that MAPK3/1 and STAT3(More)
BACKGROUND Estradiol (E2) receptors mediate E2 effects on cell proliferation and apoptosis under normal and pathological conditions. However, the mechanisms involved in E2 signaling are not completely understood. The objectives in this study were to evaluate the expression of estrogen receptors (ESRs) during follicular selection in cattle, and the effect of(More)
The objective of this study was to demonstrate that RNA interference (RNAi) and somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) technologies can be used to attenuate the expression of specific genes in tissues of swine, a large animal species. Apolipoprotein E (apoE), a secreted glycoprotein known for its major role in lipid and lipoprotein metabolism and transport,(More)