Bernardo Chessa

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The presence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, a tick-transmitted zoonotic pathogen, was investigated in Sardinia using a molecular approach. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that Sardinian strains are genetically distinct from the two lineages previously described in Europe and are closely related to strains isolated in different areas of the United States.
The domestication of livestock represented a crucial step in human history. By using endogenous retroviruses as genetic markers, we found that sheep differentiated on the basis of their "retrotype" and morphological traits dispersed across Eurasia and Africa via separate migratory episodes. Relicts of the first migrations include the Mouflon, as well as(More)
This study was conducted to isolate, to culture, and to characterize embryonic cell lines from in vitro produced vitrified sheep blastocysts. Embryos were produced and vitrified at the expanded blastocyst stage. Ten inner cell masses arising from day 6-7 blastocysts were isolated by immunosurgery, disaggregated, and cultured onto mitomocin-C-inactivated(More)
Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) are remnants of ancient retroviral infections of the host germline transmitted vertically from generation to generation. It is hypothesized that some ERVs are used by the host as restriction factors to block the infection of pathogenic retroviruses. Indeed, some ERVs efficiently interfere with the replication of related(More)
Few data are available on the prevalence and molecular typing of species belonging to the genus Anaplasma in Mediterranean ruminants. In this study, PCR analysis and sequencing of both 16S rRNA and groEL genes were combined to investigate the presence, prevalence, and molecular traits of Anaplasma spp. in ruminants sampled on the Island of Sardinia, chosen(More)
The aim of this article was to develop a fast and easy duplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method, for sex determination of ovine in vitro produced embryos prior to implantation. We tested the approach with 107 samples of autosomal cells (oviductal sheep cells and male lamb fibroblasts), divided into three groups for each sex according to the number of(More)
We compare different vitrification protocols on the pregnancy and lambing rate of in vitro produced (IVP) and in vivo derived (IVD) ovine embryos. Ovine blastocysts were produced by in vitro maturation, fertilization and culture of oocytes collected from slaughtered ewes or superovulated and inseminated animals. Embryos were cryopreserved after exposure at(More)
Papillomaviruses play an important role in human cancer development, and have been isolated from a number of animal malignancies. However, the association of papillomaviruses with tumors has been poorly investigated in sheep. In this study, a novel ovine Papillomavirus, OaPV3, was cloned from sheep squamous cell carcinoma. Unlike the already known ovine(More)
1. McQuiston JH, Childs JE. Q fever in humans and animals in the United States. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2002;2: 179–91. 2. Maurin M, Raoult D. Q fever. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1999;12:518–53. 3. Stoker MGP, Marmion BP. The spread of Q fever from animals to man: the natural history of a rickettsial disease. Bull World Health Organ. 1955;13:781–806. 4. Spicer(More)
The objective of this work was to study the effect of a preparation of human recombinant gonadotrophins (r-FSH and r-LH) on the in vitro maturation (IVM) and development of sheep oocytes. In addition, the viability of fresh and vitrified blastocysts obtained after transfer was tested. Oocytes collected from slaughtered animals were divided into five(More)