Bernardo Almada-Lobo

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BACKGROUND Planning the health-care workforce required to meet the health needs of the population, while providing service levels that maximize the outcome and minimize the financial costs, is a complex task. The problem can be described as assessing the right number of people with the right skills in the right place at the right time, to provide the right(More)
The possibilities of combining simulation and optimization are vast and the appropriate design highly depends on the problem characteristics. Therefore, it is very important to have a good overview of the different approaches. The taxonomies and classifications proposed in the literature do not cover the complete range of methods and overlook some important(More)
This article describes a real-world production planning and scheduling problem occurring at an integrated pulp and paper mill (P&P) which manufactures paper for cardboard out of produced pulp. During the cooking of wood chips in the digester, two by-products are produced: the pulp itself (virgin fibers) and the waste stream known as black liquor. The former(More)
Inspired by a case study, this paper reports a successful application of VNS to the production planning and scheduling problem that arises in the glass container industry. This is a multi-facility production system, where each facility has a set of furnaces where the glass paste is produced in order to meet the demand, being afterwards distributed to a set(More)
We address the short-term production planning and scheduling problem coming from the glass container industry. A furnace melts the glass that is distributed to a set of parallel molding machines. Both furnace and machine idleness are not allowed. The resulting multi-machine multi-item continuous setup lotsizing problem with a common resource has(More)
In production planning, sequence dependent setup times and costs are often incurred for switchovers from one product to another. When setup times and costs do not respect the triangular inequality, a situation may occur where the optimal solution includes more than one batch of the same product in a single period — in other words, at least one sub tour(More)
Several production environments require simultaneous planing of sizing and scheduling of sequences of production lots. Integration of sequencing decisions in lotsizing and scheduling problems has received an increased attention from the research community due to its inherent applicability to real world problems. A two-dimensional classification framework is(More)
We propose a general-purpose heuristic approach combining metaheuristics and Mixed Integer Programming to find high quality solutions to the challenging singleand parallel-machine capacitated lotsizing and scheduling problem with sequence-dependent setup times and costs. Commercial solvers fail to solve even medium-sized instances of this NP-hard problem,(More)