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A method is presented for generating compact fractal disordered media by generalizing the random midpoint displacement algorithm. The obtained structures are invasive stochastic fractals, with the Hurst exponent varying as a continuous parameter, as opposed to lacunar deterministic fractals, such as the Menger sponge. By employing the detrending moving(More)
In this paper, we study the progressive collapse of three-dimensional framed structures made of reinforced concrete after the sudden loss of a column. The structures are represented by elastoplastic Euler-Bernoulli beams with elongation-rotation failure threshold. We performed simulations using the discrete element method considering inelastic collisions(More)
Snow is a porous disordered medium consisting of air and three water phases: ice, vapor, and liquid. The ice phase consists of an assemblage of grains, ice matrix, initially arranged over a random load bearing skeleton. The quantitative relationship between density and morphological characteristics of different snow microstructures is still an open issue.(More)
The cracking phenomenon of members made of traditional reinforced concrete (RC) or by combining steel fibers and traditional reinforcing bars (R/FRC) is analyzed in this paper. Referring to the tensile zone of a beam subjected to bending moment and axial load, a unique block model is introduced to predict crack widths, crack lengths and crack distances. The(More)
SUMMARY. In this paper we study the response of 2D framed structures made of reinforced concrete to the sudden removal of columns. For comparative reasons, the 2D frames are considered as part of 3D structures with same overall structural mass and external load potential. In particular, we study two sets of 2D frames, with different height-bay ratio λ of(More)
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547 ABSTRACT The report attempts a broad review of the problem of size effect or scaling of failure, which has recently come to the forefront of attention because of its importance for concrete and geotechnical engineering, geomechanics, arctic ice engineering, as well as in designing large load-bearing parts made of advanced ceramics and composites, e. g.(More)
Based on the experimental observation of the size effects on the structural behavior of heterogeneous material specimens, the fractal features of the mi-crostructure of such materials is rationally described. Once the fractal geometry of the microstructure is set, we can define the quantities characterizing the failure process of a disordered material (i.e.(More)