Bernardino Chiaia

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A method is presented for generating compact fractal disordered media by generalizing the random midpoint displacement algorithm. The obtained structures are invasive stochastic fractals, with the Hurst exponent varying as a continuous parameter, as opposed to lacunar deterministic fractals, such as the Menger sponge. By employing the detrending moving(More)
In this paper, we study the progressive collapse of three-dimensional framed structures made of reinforced concrete after the sudden loss of a column. The structures are represented by elastoplastic Euler-Bernoulli beams with elongation-rotation failure threshold. We performed simulations using the discrete element method considering inelastic collisions(More)
ACI Structural Journal/September-October 2009 ACI Structural Journal, V. 106, No. 5, September-October 2009. MS No. S-2008-210 received June 26, 2008, and reviewed under Institute publication policies. Copyright © 2009, American Concrete Institute. All rights reserved, including the making of copies unless permission is obtained from the copyright(More)
The cracking phenomenon of members made of traditional reinforced concrete (RC) or by combining steel fibers and traditional reinforcing bars (R/FRC) is analyzed in this paper. Referring to the tensile zone of a beam subjected to bending moment and axial load, a unique block model is introduced to predict crack widths, crack lengths and crack distances. The(More)
e . g . for aircraft or ships. First the main results of Weibull statistical theory of random strength are briefly summarized and its applicability and limitations described. In this theory as well as plasticity, elasticity with a strength limit, and linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM), the size effect is a simple power law because no characteristic(More)
Since the beginning of civilization, history tells of the movement of art pieces, monuments and manufacts from site to site. The causes are multiple: the displacements due to the "spoils of war", ordered by kings and emperors, the movements caused by the need for reuse, especially in the early Christian period, and so forth. Considerations about the events(More)
In this paper, we study the response of 2D framed structures made of rectangular cells, to the sudden removal of columns. We employ a simulation algorithm based on the Discrete Element Method, where the structural elements are represented by elasto-plastic Euler Bernoulli beams with elongation-rotation failure threshold. The effect of structural cell(More)
In this paper we study the response of 2D framed structures made of reinforced concrete to the sudden removal of columns. For comparative reasons, the 2D frames are considered as part of 3D structures with same overall structural mass and external load potential. In particular, we study two sets of 2D frames, with different height-bay ratio λ of the(More)