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We have described the expression of three nuclear protooncogenes, c-myc, c-myb and c-ets-1 during feather morphogenesis in the chick embryo. In parallel with the expression patterns obtained by in situ hybridization, we have mapped the spatial distribution of S-phase cells by monitoring the incorporation of 5-bromodeoxyuridine. We do not detect c-myc or(More)
Rel/nuclear factor kappaB transcription factors were shown to have either pro- or antiapoptotic as well as pro- or antiproliferative functions, and it is often assumed that the outcome of their activation depends on the cell type or cellular context. Inconsistent with this assumption, we show here that cRel is able in one cell type to inhibit proliferation,(More)
Ets1 is a transcription factor expressed in endothelial cells during angiogenesis but its target genes and function in blood vessel formation are still unknown. We have over-expressed Ets1 as a tagged protein in brain capillary endothelial cells and in 3T3 fibroblasts using a retroviral vector. Over-expression of Ets1 reduced by nearly half cell density at(More)
The scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor regulates scattering and morphogenesis of epithelial cells through activation of the MET tyrosine kinase receptor. In particular, the noncatalytic C-terminal tail of MET contains two autophosphorylation tyrosine residues, which form a multisubstrate-binding site for several cytoplasmic effectors and are thought to(More)
In combination with two photon excitation, FLIM is currently one of the best techniques to quantitatively study the subcellular localization of protein-protein interactions in living cells. An appropriate analysis procedure is crucial to obtain reliable results. TCSPC is an accurate method to measure FLIM. It is however an indirect process that requires(More)
The DNA-binding activity of the transcription nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) is regulated by a redox-control mechanism involving the reduction of a disulphide bond from a specific cysteine residue conserved in all members of the NF-kappaB family. Thioredoxin is involved in this redox control. DNA binding and transactivating capacity of NF-kappaB are(More)
The retina is an integral part of the central nervous system, and consists of two layers, the outer pigmented layer and the inner sensory layer or neuroretina (NR). The NR layer contains several strata of cells (glial and neuronal) derived from proliferating neuroectodermal precursors that differentiate after terminal mitosis. In vitro, NR cells can(More)
The c-ets1 proteins are transcriptional activators expressed within endothelial cells during blood vessel development in chick embryos. The authors show by in situ hybridization that c-ets1 is transcribed in the endothelia during angiogenesis in human embryos, in granulation tissue, and especially during tumor vascularization. c-ets1 mRNAs were also(More)
In various invasive human tumors, c-ets-1 mRNA was found to be selectively expressed in stromal fibroblasts. We have now investigated the possibility that soluble factors could regulate c-ets-1 expression in cultured human fibroblasts. We show that both conditioned media from tumor cell lines and a number of characterized cytokines and growth factors were(More)
We have used in situ hybridization to study the spatial and temporal distribution of the transcription of three cellular oncogenes encoding DNA-binding proteins, c-ets 1, c-myb and c-myc during the development of the chick embryo. c-ets 1 mRNA expression appears linked to the mesodermal lineage and is strongly expressed in early endothelia; it subsequently(More)