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Angiogenesis is a critical component of the proliferative endometrial phase of the menstrual cycle. Thus, we hypothesized that a stem cell-like population exist and can be isolated from menstrual blood. Mononuclear cells collected from the menstrual blood contained a subpopulation of adherent cells which could be maintained in tissue culture for >68(More)
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, the chronic lung disease of prematurity, is the most common complication in extremely premature infants (born before 28 wk gestation). Despite advances in perinatal care, modern clinical management remains devoid of therapies specifically promoting lung repair and lung growth. Recent progress in stem cell biology has uncovered(More)
Many premature newborns develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a chronic lung disease resulting from prolonged mechanical ventilation and hyperoxia. BPD survivors typically suffer long-term injuries not only to the lungs, but also to the brain and retina. However, currently it is not clear whether the brain and retinal injuries in these newborns are(More)
RATIONALE Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the chronic lung disease of preterm infants, and pulmonary emphysema, both significant global health problems, are characterized by an arrest in alveolar growth/loss of alveoli structures. Mechanisms that inhibit distal lung growth are poorly understood, but recent studies suggest that impaired vascular(More)
Preterm birth occurs in approximately 11 % of all births worldwide. Advances in perinatal care have enabled the survival of preterm infants born as early as 23–24 weeks of gestation. However, many are affected by bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)—a common respiratory complication of preterm birth, which has life-long consequences for lung health. Currently,(More)
Despite substantial progress, mortality and morbidity of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a severe form of acute lung injury (ALI), remain unacceptably high. There is no effective treatment for ARDS/ALI. The renin–angiotensin system (RAS) through Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-generated Angiotensin II contributes to lung injury. ACE2, a(More)
Rationale: Lung hypoplasia in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) appears to involve impaired alveolar septation. We hypothesized that disturbed deposition of elastin and expression of FGF18, an elastogenesis stimulus, occurs in CDH. Objectives: To document FGF18 and elastin in human CDH and ovine surgical and rat nitrofen models; to use models to(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Neonatal stress induces permanent physiological changes that may influence the immune system. Early-life stress increases asthma disease severity in children. We investigated the effects of early-life stress on allergic airway inflammation using a murine model of asthma coupled to maternal separation as an early-life stress stimulus. (More)
BACKGROUND Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the chronic lung disease of prematurity, remains a major health problem. BPD is characterized by impaired alveolar development and complicated by pulmonary hypertension (PHT). Currently there is no specific treatment for BPD. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), carbon monoxide and nitric oxide (NO), belong to a class of(More)
Lung diseases characterized by alveolar damage such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature infants and emphysema lack efficient treatments. Understanding the mechanisms contributing to normal and impaired alveolar growth and repair may identify new therapeutic targets for these lung diseases. Axonal guidance cues are molecules that guide the(More)