Learn More
AIMS The pathophysiological role of iron in Parkinson's disease (PD) was assessed by a chelation strategy aimed at reducing oxidative damage associated with regional iron deposition without affecting circulating metals. Translational cell and animal models provided concept proofs and a delayed-start (DS) treatment paradigm, the basis for preliminary(More)
Intraneuronal aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau proteins, referred to as pathological tau, are found in brain areas of demented patients affected by numerous different neurodegenerative disorders. We previously described a particular biochemical profile of pathological tau proteins in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). This multisystemic disorder is(More)
BACKGROUND Growing body of evidence suggests that Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with oxidative damage via iron accumulation in the substantia nigra (SN). Low ceruloplasmin (CP)-ferroxidase activity has been identified in the SN and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with PD. The iron chelator, deferiprone, reduces the abnormally high levels(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to analyze differences in biomarker outcomes before and after harmonization of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection tubes in Alzheimer's disease (AD) diagnosis. METHODS We analyzed data from French memory centers that switched from different CSF collection tubes to a common one. A total of 1966 patients were(More)
Tau is the proteinaceous component of intraneuronal aggregates common to neurodegenerative diseases called Tauopathies, including myotonic dystrophy type 1. In myotonic dystrophy type 1, the presence of microtubule-associated protein Tau aggregates is associated with a mis-splicing of Tau. A toxic gain-of-function at the ribonucleic acid level is a major(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia corresponds to a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders that primarily affect the cerebellum. Here, we report the identification of the causative gene in spinocerebellar ataxia 21, an autosomal-dominant disorder previously mapped to chromosome 7p21.3-p15.1. This ataxia was firstly(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with homozygous deletion of the survival motor neuron 1 gene (SMN1). Its centromeric copy gene, SMN2, is the major modifying factor. However, the genotype-phenotype correlation is incomplete and is therefore not useful in clinical practice. We studied a cohort of 103 patients in(More)
BACKGROUND Given that memantine is thought to decrease N-methyl-D-aspartic-acid-related (NMDA) glutamatergic hyperactivity and improve locomotion in rats, we sought to assess the drug's impact on axial symptoms in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS We performed a 90-day, randomised, double-blind, study with two parallel arms: 20 mg/day memantine(More)
BACKGROUND Despite optimum medical management, many patients with Parkinson's disease are incapacitated by gait disorders including freezing of gait. We aimed to assess whether methylphenidate--through its combined action on dopamine and noradrenaline reuptake--would improve gait disorders and freezing of gate in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease(More)
BACKGROUND In Parkinson's disease (PD), the response to L-dopa is highly variable and unpredictable. The major pathway for dopamine synthesis from L-dopa is decarboxylation by aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AAAD, encoded by the DDC gene). OBJECTIVE To determine the motor response to L-dopa in PD patients as a function of the DDC gene promoter(More)