Bernard Sablonnière

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Intraneuronal aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau proteins, referred to as pathological tau, are found in brain areas of demented patients affected by numerous different neurodegenerative disorders. We previously described a particular biochemical profile of pathological tau proteins in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). This multisystemic disorder is(More)
AIMS The pathophysiological role of iron in Parkinson's disease (PD) was assessed by a chelation strategy aimed at reducing oxidative damage associated with regional iron deposition without affecting circulating metals. Translational cell and animal models provided concept proofs and a delayed-start (DS) treatment paradigm, the basis for preliminary(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia corresponds to a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders that primarily affect the cerebellum. Here, we report the identification of the causative gene in spinocerebellar ataxia 21, an autosomal-dominant disorder previously mapped to chromosome 7p21.3-p15.1. This ataxia was firstly(More)
BACKGROUND Given that memantine is thought to decrease N-methyl-D-aspartic-acid-related (NMDA) glutamatergic hyperactivity and improve locomotion in rats, we sought to assess the drug's impact on axial symptoms in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS We performed a 90-day, randomised, double-blind, study with two parallel arms: 20 mg/day memantine(More)
Bundles of paired helical filaments (PHF) accumulate in the pyramidal neurons that degenerate during Alzheimer's disease. This neurofibrillary degeneration is highly correlated with clinical signs of dementia. During the degenerating process, Tau proteins, which are the major antigenic components of PHF, are abnormally phosphorylated and two pathological(More)
We report the first European tibial muscular dystrophy (TMD) family outside the Finnish population. Clinical examination showed late onset distal leg myopathy similar to the description of TMD. A molecular genetic study was made owing to the very recent TMD linkage findings on chromosome 2q31. All five clinically affected patients segregated a specific(More)
The microtubule-associated protein Tau is mainly expressed in neurons of the CNS and is crucial in axonal maintenance and axonal transport. The rationale for Tau as a biomarker of neurodegenerative diseases is that it is a major component of abnormal intraneuronal aggregates observed in numerous tauopathies, including Alzheimer's disease. The molecular(More)
Based on the pathophysiological role of adenosine A(2A) receptors in HD, we have evaluated the association of the 1976C/T single-nucleotide polymorphism in the ADORA2A gene (rs5751876) with residual age at onset (AAO) in HD. The study population consisted of 791 unrelated patients belonging to the Huntington French Speaking Network. The variability in AAO(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is attributed to a triplet CAG repeat mutation, and about 70% of the variance in age-at-onset can be explained by the size of the repeat expansion. Among potential candidates as modifier genes, we investigated the role of ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) gene. We examined the association of HD with the I93M mutation(More)
BACKGROUND Despite optimum medical management, many patients with Parkinson's disease are incapacitated by gait disorders including freezing of gait. We aimed to assess whether methylphenidate--through its combined action on dopamine and noradrenaline reuptake--would improve gait disorders and freezing of gate in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease(More)