Bernard Sablonnière

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Intraneuronal aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau proteins, referred to as pathological tau, are found in brain areas of demented patients affected by numerous different neurodegenerative disorders. We previously described a particular biochemical profile of pathological tau proteins in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). This multisystemic disorder is(More)
AIMS The pathophysiological role of iron in Parkinson's disease (PD) was assessed by a chelation strategy aimed at reducing oxidative damage associated with regional iron deposition without affecting circulating metals. Translational cell and animal models provided concept proofs and a delayed-start (DS) treatment paradigm, the basis for preliminary(More)
Argyrophilic grain disease (AGD) is characterized by the occurrence of argyrophilic grains and coiled bodies in brain tissue, mainly in limbic areas located in the temporal lobe. Recent biochemical data have shown that inclusions in AGD consist of aggregates of pathological microtubule-associated tau protein isoforms of 64/69 kDa. We report here a study on(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia corresponds to a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders that primarily affect the cerebellum. Here, we report the identification of the causative gene in spinocerebellar ataxia 21, an autosomal-dominant disorder previously mapped to chromosome 7p21.3-p15.1. This ataxia was firstly(More)
BACKGROUND Given that memantine is thought to decrease N-methyl-D-aspartic-acid-related (NMDA) glutamatergic hyperactivity and improve locomotion in rats, we sought to assess the drug's impact on axial symptoms in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS We performed a 90-day, randomised, double-blind, study with two parallel arms: 20 mg/day memantine(More)
Bundles of paired helical filaments (PHF) accumulate in the pyramidal neurons that degenerate during Alzheimer's disease. This neurofibrillary degeneration is highly correlated with clinical signs of dementia. During the degenerating process, Tau proteins, which are the major antigenic components of PHF, are abnormally phosphorylated and two pathological(More)
We report the first European tibial muscular dystrophy (TMD) family outside the Finnish population. Clinical examination showed late onset distal leg myopathy similar to the description of TMD. A molecular genetic study was made owing to the very recent TMD linkage findings on chromosome 2q31. All five clinically affected patients segregated a specific(More)
The microtubule-associated protein Tau is mainly expressed in neurons of the CNS and is crucial in axonal maintenance and axonal transport. The rationale for Tau as a biomarker of neurodegenerative diseases is that it is a major component of abnormal intraneuronal aggregates observed in numerous tauopathies, including Alzheimer's disease. The molecular(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is attributed to a triplet CAG repeat mutation, and about 70% of the variance in age-at-onset can be explained by the size of the repeat expansion. Among potential candidates as modifier genes, we investigated the role of ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) gene. We examined the association of HD with the I93M mutation(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate possible influences of CCG and delta2642 glutamic acid polymorphisms adjacent to the (CAG)n trinucleotide repeat in Huntington's disease gene IT15 on some clinical features (age and symptoms) at onset. METHODS 84 patients and a control group of 68 unaffected relatives were studied. Patients all belonged to a group of affected(More)