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We studied the relationship between the degree of portal hypertension measured by the gradient between wedged and free hepatic venous pressures, the size of esophageal varices, and the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding in a series of 100 unselected patients with alcoholic cirrhosis. The degree of portal hypertension was not different in patients with no(More)
The role of alcohol intake in the occurrence of severe liver disease in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) carriers is still debated. A cross-sectional study has been conducted in 233 chronic hepatitis C virus carriers. Weekly self-reported alcohol consumption (SRAC) was evaluated, serum HCV RNA levels were measured by a branched DNA technique (Quantiplex 2.0)(More)
In a case-control study, we evaluated the relative risk of hepatic vein thrombosis among recent oral contraceptive users as compared with nonusers. Thirty-three cases of hepatic vein thrombosis affecting women aged 15-45 yr were collected between 1970 and 1983, and individually matched to 3 or 4 controls interviewed in 1982-1984. There were 18 recent oral(More)
We have previously reported the results of a controlled trial showing that continuous oral administration of propranolol reduced the risk of recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with cirrhosis; only part of our patients had been followed for 1 year. This controlled trial was continued for an additional year; accordingly, all of our patients have(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Controversy surrounding the efficacy of corticosteroids in severe alcoholic hepatitis (AH) persists. THE AIMS OF OUR STUDY WERE (a) to analyze individual data of patients with severe AH discriminant function (DF)> or =32 from the last three randomized controlled trials; and (b) to identify the independent prognostic factors associated with(More)
Fulminant or subfulminant liver failure, complicated by encephalopathy and in many cases by death is seen to be a syndrome that may result from numerous causes. Although viral hepatitis, drug-induced hepatitis, and hepatitis due to various types of poisonings, in decreasing frequency, account for 90% of all cases, a variety of miscellaneous conditions(More)
We assessed prognostic factors in 115 patients with serologically defined fulminant hepatitis B. The diagnosis in each case was based on the finding of IgM antibody to the hepatitis B core antigen in serum. Multivariate analysis showed that factor V level (p less than 0.001), patient's age (p = 0.001), absence of detectable HBsAg by radioimmunoassay (p =(More)
BACKGROUND Controlled trials have yielded inconsistent results with regard to the efficacy of corticosteroids in the treatment of alcoholic hepatitis. Three meta-analyses suggest that they may be effective in patients with encephalopathy who have severe liver disease. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind trial comparing 28 days of prednisolone(More)
In a prospective study of 33 adults with portal vein thrombosis unrelated to a liver tumor, we have assessed the prevalence of primary myeloproliferative disorders using conventional criteria and cultures of bone marrow progenitor cells. A primary myeloproliferative disorder was documented in 14 patients investigated at the time of recognition of portal(More)
Outpatients followed in an alcoholic clinic and who fulfilled DSM-III-R criteria for alcohol dependence and had used both tobacco (at least one cigarette every day) and alcohol in the preceding week were studied. For each patient, two experimenters assessed: (1) the amount of tobacco and alcohol used; (2) the severity of dependence for each product. Results(More)