Bernard Renaud

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We used intracerebral microdialysis coupled with electrophysiologic recordings to determine relative changes in the concentrations of several neurotransmitters in the medial prefrontal cortex and nucleus accumbens of freely moving rats during waking, slow-wave sleep, and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. The concentrations of noradrenaline, dopamine,(More)
The pallido-subthalamic pathway powerfully controls the output of the basal ganglia circuitry and has been implicated in movement disorders observed in Parkinson's disease (PD). To investigate the normal functioning of this pathway across the sleep-wake cycle, single-unit activities of subthalamic nucleus (STN) and globus pallidus (GP) neurons were(More)
A porphyrinic microsensor combined with in vivo voltammetry was used to monitor extracellular nitric oxide (NO) in the locus coeruleus (LC) of anaesthetized rats. Administration of N omega-nitro-L-arginine p-nitro-anilide (100 mg/kg, i.p) or 7-nitro indazole (30 mg/kg, i.p.), which both inhibit preferentially neuronal NO synthase (NOS), induced a marked(More)
In vivo microdialysis was used to investigate the interactions between dopamine (DA), glutamate (Glu) and aspartate (Asp) in anaesthetised-rat striatum. The combination of brain microdialysis and capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection (CE-LIFD) allows the simultaneous monitoring of the efflux of these neurotransmitters up to(More)
The present study investigated in vivo the kinetic of the changes in rat striatal extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA), and its monoamine oxidase (MAO)-derived metabolite 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), following administration either of nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) inhibitors 7-nitroindazole (7-NI) and Nomega-nitro-l-arginine methyl(More)
We have studied the effects of withdrawal from chronic clonidine treatment in the adult male spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). SHR received clonidine, 0.1 mg X kg-1 X day-1 i.v. for 10 days. Clonidine was delivered via osmotic minipumps. After 7 days of treatment there was a 16.5 +/- 2.5 mm Hg fall in mean arterial pressure. This was accompanied by a(More)
In previous papers, we described the analysis of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) and catecholamines in microdialysis samples using capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection (CE-LIFD). In the present paper, we report that an automated analysis of such samples can be easily achieved by on-line coupling of the microdialysis probe with a(More)
UNLABELLED 4,2'-(Methoxyphenyl)-1-[2'-(N-2"-pyridinyl)-p-fluorobenzamido]ethylpiperazine ((18)F-MPPF) is a radiotracer used in clinical PET studies for the visualization of serotonin-1A (5-HT(1A)) receptors. In a previous study, we demonstrated that a rapid enhancement of extracellular serotonin concentrations influences (18)F-MPPF-specific binding. Because(More)
Capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection (CE-LIFD) coupled to in vivo microdialysis sampling was used in order to monitor simultaneously a drug and several neurotransmitters in the brain extracellular fluid. Determination of the antiepileptic drug vigabatrin and the amino acid neurotransmitters glutamate (Glu), l-aspartate (l-Asp)(More)
Ejections of 10(-5)-10(-3)M neurotensin into the ventral tegmental area increased dopamine efflux measured by electrochemical approaches in the prefrontal cortex of anaesthetized rats. In the same conditions, the effects evoked on dopamine efflux by 10(-5)M neurotensin(8-13) and [D-Tyr(11)]neurotensin were different from each other and depended on the(More)