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Sixteen patients who had unilateral deficiency of the anterior cruciate ligament and ten healthy control subjects were analyzed during level walking, jogging, and ascending and descending stairs. Kinematic and kinetic findings for the right and left hips, knees, and ankles of all of the patients and control subjects were recorded during each activity.(More)
BACKGROUND The best choice of graft tissue for use in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has been the subject of debate. HYPOTHESIS Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon autograft leads to greater knee stability than reconstruction with hamstring tendon autograft. STUDY DESIGN Metaanalysis. METHODS A Medline search(More)
HYPOTHESIS There are significant differences in incidence of cosmetic deformity and load to tendon failure between biceps tenotomy versus tenodesis for the treatment of long head of the biceps brachii (LHB) tendon lesions which are supported by the evidence-based strengths and weaknesses of each procedure in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS PubMed,(More)
A partial tear of the anterior cruciate ligament is characterized by an asymmetric Lachman-test result, a negative pivot-shift test, a low-grade KT-1000 arthrometer measurement (< or =3 mm), and arthroscopic evidence of anterior cruciate ligament injury. The pivot shift test is the most important test in determining anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency.(More)
Nine patients with distal biceps tendon ruptures that had been repaired anatomically with a double-incision technique were evaluated. All patients were men, whose average age was 46 years old (range, 31-66 years). Three patients injured their dominant extremity and 6 their nondominant extremity. This represents the largest series of operatively treated(More)
The strength of the normal shoulder may differ by gender and deteriorate with age. Thus, the Constant score may also decrease in absolute value while still reflecting a normal score. To account for age- and gender-related differences, normal results for this scale must be determined across a population of patients without shoulder disease. Patients(More)
PURPOSE Postoperative pain pumps are increasingly used to deliver a continuous infusion of local anesthetic into the surgical wound or the joint. Recently, there have been concerns that the use of such devices may be associated with chondrotoxicity and even cases of chondrolysis in the shoulder. An experimental model is presented that investigates potential(More)
We used the KT-1000 arthrometer to test the knees of 107 patients who had an acute tear of the anterior cruciate ligament, 153 patients who had a chronic tear, and 141 control subjects, for a total of 401 individuals. The three testing parameters were the extent of anterior translation at eighty-nine newtons of force and at maximum manual force, and the(More)