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Sixteen patients who had unilateral deficiency of the anterior cruciate ligament and ten healthy control subjects were analyzed during level walking, jogging, and ascending and descending stairs. Kinematic and kinetic findings for the right and left hips, knees, and ankles of all of the patients and control subjects were recorded during each activity.(More)
Functional adaptations in knee kinematics and kinetics during level walking in 30 patients with unilateral anterior cruciate ligament deficiency and 30 healthy control subjects were studied. To examine the impact of time after injury on the functional adaptations, patients were placed into three time interval groups: early, intermediate, and chronic. The(More)
BACKGROUND Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a significant injury in National Basketball Association (NBA) players. HYPOTHESES NBA players undergoing ACL reconstruction (ACLR) have high rates of return to sport (RTS), with RTS the season following surgery, no difference in performance between pre- and postsurgery, and no difference in RTS rate(More)
We evaluated the comparability of four commonly used shoulder scoring systems in the United States. Fifty-two patients had 53 shoulder stabilization procedures. Surgical procedures included 34 open Bankart-type repairs, 15 capsular shifts, and 4 arthroscopic stabilizations. Results were assessed using the following scales: 1) Rowe, 2) modified-Rowe, 3)(More)
BACKGROUND When to allow an athlete to return to unrestricted sporting activity after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction remains controversial. PURPOSE To report the results of functional performance testing reported in the literature for individuals at differing time points following ACL reconstruction and to examine differences between(More)
The percent force changes in the posterior cruciate ligament were calculated using a previously validated computerized knee model after the femoral insertion sites were varied 2.5 and 5.0 mm in an anterior, posterior distal, anterior distal, and posterior distal direction. The tibial insertion sites were also varied 2.5 and 5.0 mm in the medial, lateral,(More)
BACKGROUND Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a significant injury in male Major League Soccer (MLS) players in the United States. PURPOSE To determine (1) return-to-sport (RTS) rate in MLS following ACL reconstruction (ACLR), (2) timing of RTS, (3) performance upon RTS, and (4) the difference in RTS and performance between players who underwent(More)
The overhead throwing motion is a coordinated effort of muscle units from the entire body, culminating with explosive motion of the upper extremity. The throwing motion occurs at a rapid pace, making analysis difficult in real time. Electromyographic studies and high-speed video recordings have provided invaluable details regarding the involved musculature,(More)
Treatment of the overhead throwing athlete is among the more challenging aspects of orthopaedic sports medicine. Awareness and understanding of the throwing motion and the supraphysiologic forces to which the structures of the shoulder are subjected are essential to diagnosis and treatment. Pain and dysfunction in the throwing shoulder may be attributed to(More)
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are a common injury, particularly in the athletic and youth populations. The known association between ACL injury and subsequent osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee merits a more in-depth understanding of the relationship between the ACL-injured knee and osteoarthritis. ACL injury, especially with concomitant meniscal or(More)