Bernard Pileire

Learn More
1. In humans, the accidental or voluntary ingestion of paraquat, a non selective contact herbicide, is often lethal. Paraquat induces renal failure amongst other effects. 2. In this study we test the value of an index of the rate of increase in plasma creatinine over a 5 h period (dCreat/dt) to predict the outcome in intoxicated patients. These results are(More)
A rapid gas chromatographic method to determine phytanic acid in plasma from Refsum's disease is described. After a brief alkaline hydrolysis of lipids, the biological sample is directly injected into a glass pre-column; an acid carrier gas (formic acid in nitrogen) is used to displace the long-chain fatty acids from their sodium salts and from their(More)
Diabetes mellitus is now among the ten leading causes of death in the Caribbean. Studies of the prevalence of dysglycaemic disorders and risk factors for diabetes are necessary in order to design and implement tailored prevention programmes. The present study is of a representative sample of the adult population in Guadeloupe. The estimated prevalence of(More)
HIP/PAP is a C-type lectin overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Pleiotropic biological activities have been ascribed to this protein, but little is known about the function of HIP/PAP in the liver. In this study, therefore, we searched for proteins interacting with HIP/PAP by screening a HCC cDNA expression library. We have identified the RII(More)
This study bears upon the respective validity of biochemical markers and questionnaires to detect alcohol abuse in a population with a high rate of alcohol-linked neurological complications. GammaGT and apoprotein AII were the most powerful of eight studied biochemical markers in detecting two-thirds of excessive drinkers. The CAGE questionnaire identified(More)
This study bears upon the patterns of alcohol consumption in Guadeloupe (French West Indies), and has been carried out over a representative sample of adults. Each subject was questioned about his or her consumption of alcoholic drinks and a blood sample taken to measure the biological indicators of chronic alcohol consumption. The resulting mean(More)
Aldicarb (2-methyl-2(methylthio) propanal o-[(methylamino)-carbonyl] oxime) is a pesticide manufactured since 1965. This carbamate ester is sold under the tradename, Temik, and is used as insecticide and nematicide. The Environmental Protection Agency has classified aldicarb in the highest toxicity category and has defined a strict control for its delivery(More)
From 1987 to 1994, 31 cases of acute paraquat poisoning were managed in the CHRU of Pointe à Pitre (FWI). Eighteen patients died, 13 survived. Biological indexes accurately predicted patient's outcome in all cases out of one. In the last case biological parameters were misleading: the corresponding patient survived despite consistent clinical and biological(More)