Bernard Panneton

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Ideally, integrated pest management should rely on an array of tactics. In reality, the main technologies in use are synthetic pesticides. Because of well-documented problems with reliance on synthetic pesticides, viable alternatives are sorely needed. Physical controls can be classified as passive (e.g., trenches, fences, organic mulch, particle films,(More)
This paper presents a weed/crop classification method using computer vision and morphological analysis. Subsequent supervised and unsupervised learning methods are applied to extract dominant morphological characteristics of weeds present in corn and soybean fields. The novelty of the presented technique resides in the feature extraction process that is(More)
In production agriculture, savings in herbicides can be achieved if weeds can be discriminated from crop, allowing the targeting of weed control to weed-infested areas only. Previous studies demonstrated the potential of ultraviolet (UV) induced fluorescence to discriminate corn from weeds and recently, robust models have been obtained for the(More)
Precision weeding by spot spraying in real time requires sensors to discriminate between weeds and crop without contact. Among the optical based solutions, the ultraviolet (UV) induced fluorescence of the plants appears as a promising alternative. In a first paper, the feasibility of discriminating between corn hybrids, monocotyledonous, and dicotyledonous(More)
Preprocessing is an important step in data analysis. Dealing with spectral data, normalization is mandatory in order to compare items collected under various conditions. This paper addresses normalization of frontface fluorescence spectroscopy data where spectra are affected by an unknown multiplicative effect. The usual methods for reducing multiplicative(More)
BACKGROUND Maple syrup has high maket value. It is produced in North East America from the heat-evaporated sap of Acer saccharum Marshall. For marketing purposes, there is interest in defining its flavour profile in a consistent and repeatable manner. An experiment was undertaken to explore the potential of autofluorescence of maple syrup induced at 275 and(More)
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