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1. Furafylline (1,8-dimethyl-3-(2'-furfuryl)methylxanthine) is a methylxanthine derivative that was introduced as a long-acting replacement for theophylline in the treatment of asthma. Administration of furafylline was associated with an elevation in plasma levels of caffeine, due to inhibition of caffeine oxidation, a reaction catalysed by one or more(More)
The activation of heterocyclic amines to mutagenic products by hepatic microsomal fractions from cynomolgus monkey, marmoset monkey and man was compared with the respective levels of cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP1A1 and CYP1A2. The rate of activation of 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f] quinoxaline (MeIQx), 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) and(More)
1. In the safety evaluation of drugs and other chemicals it is important to evaluate their possible inducing and inhibitory effects on the enzymes of drug metabolism. 2. While many similarities exist between species in their response to inducers and inhibitors, there are also important differences. Possible mechanisms of such variation are considered, with(More)
An antibody was raised against a synthetic peptide (Ser-Glu-Asn-Tyr-Lys-Asp-Asn) corresponding to residues 290-296 of the cytochrome P450 enzyme, CYP1A2, of both rat and mouse. A cysteine residue attached to the N-terminus of the peptide during synthesis allowed coupling in a specific orientation via the thiol group to the carrier protein, keyhole limpet(More)
Cytochrome P450, CYP3A4, is the dominant human liver endoplasmic reticulum (ER) hemoprotein enzyme, responsible for the metabolism of over 60% of clinically relevant drugs. We have previously shown that mechanism-based suicide inactivation of CYP3A4 and its rat liver ER orthologs, CYPs 3A, via heme-modification of their protein moieties, results in their(More)
Mono-specific antibodies targeted to human CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 have been produced by immunizing rabbits with protein conjugates of short synthetic peptides corresponding to residues 290-297 and 284-296 respectively, of these enzymes. The antibody targeted to CYP1A1 bound in immunoblotting to the recombinant protein expressed in yeast but did not bind to any(More)
The turtle shell, an evolutionarily novel structure, contains a bony exoskeleton that includes a dorsal carapace and a ventral plastron. The development of the carapace is dependent on the carapacial ridge (CR), a bulge in the dorsal flank that contains an ectodermal structure analogous to the apical ectodermal ridge (AER) of the developing limb (Burke.(More)
A model of the alpha-helical structure of mammalian cytochromes P450 is proposed. The location and sequence of alpha-helices in mammalian cytochromes P450 were predicted from their homology with those of cytochrome P450cam, and these sequences were generally confirmed as helical in nature by using a secondary structure prediction method. These analyses were(More)
A region of rat cytochrome P450IA1 at residues 294-301 (Gln-Asp-Arg-Arg-Leu-Asp-Glu-Asn), equivalent to a proinhibitory region of cytochrome P450IA2, was identified by sequence alignment. Anti-peptide antibodies were successfully raised when the peptide was coupled through either its N- or its C-terminus to carrier protein, but no antibodies were produced(More)
An anti-peptide antibody was raised against the sequence Thr-Gly-Ala-Leu-Phe-Lys-His-Ser-Glu-Asn-Tyr-Lys which occurs at positions 283-294 in the rat cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP1A2. Compared with its binding to the peptide used for immunization, the antibody bound with only slightly reduced affinity to the truncated peptides Thr-Gly-Ala-Leu-Phe-Lys-His-Ser(More)