Bernard Pélissier

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We describe here the development of a plastid transformation method for soybean, a leguminous plant of major agronomic interest. Chloroplasts from embryogenic tissue of Glycine max have been successfully transformed by bombardment. The transforming DNA carries a spectinomycin resistance gene (aadA) under the control of tobacco plastid regulatory expression(More)
Several methods have been developed to obtain somatic embryos of soybean. We report here a new procedure that results in high frequency somatic embryo initiation in a short period of time. Somatic embryos were induced from immature cotyledons of the cultivars “Jack,” “Thorne,” “Resnik,” and “Chapman.” Immature cotyledons were cultured on a medium containing(More)
We describe here a two step procedure which allows the easy isolation of somatic embryos from Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) hypocotyl tissues. Thin cell layers composed of the epidermis plus 3 to 6 parenchyma cell layers were incubated for 5 days in a basal Murashige and Skoog medium using an auxin to cytokinin weight ratio of 1/1. The epidermis layers(More)
Plant 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD) is part of the biosynthetic pathway leading to plastoquinone and vitamin E. This enzyme is also the molecular target of various new bleaching herbicides for which genetically engineered tolerant crops are being developed. We have expressed a sensitive bacterial hppd gene from Pseudomonas fluorescens in(More)
By applying electric field pulses through cell suspensions, cell membranes can be permeabilized transiently, giving free access to the cytosol. Electropulsation is now routinely used in cell biology when introducing various molecules such as proteins and nucleic acids into the cell. But the molecular and cellular bases of cell electropermeabilization are(More)
When interested in plant cell transformation, the cell wall is often considered as a barrier to DNA transfer, which is only overcome by wounding or wall degrading enzymes. In this work, we demonstrate that cell plasmolysis before electropulsation is an efficient approach to DNA delivery into intact plant cells. Using such a method, transient expression(More)
Sunflower hypocotyl protoplasts have been isolated and cultured. Optimum plating density for cell division and colony formation was in the range of 5 to 7×104 cells/mi in an agarose medium supplemented with BAP (1 mg/l) and NAA (1 mg/l). Plating efficiency was 60% after 21 days of culture. In the resultant culture a mixed population of calli and embryoids(More)
In most, if not all non-Drosophila insect systems, the study of gene regulation relies on in vitro analyses. With the aim of providing an in vivo assay, we developed an original protocol using the Bombyx mori silk gland, by which the functioning of cloned gene promoters can be efficiently measured. This consists of introducing DNA-coated tungsten particles(More)
The enzyme p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD) catalyzes the formation of homogentisic acid, the aromatic precursor of plastoquinone and vitamin E. HPPD is the specific target of several herbicide families: isoxazoles, triketones and pyroxazoles. Its inhibition results in the depletion of the plant plastoquinone and vitamin E pools, leading to(More)