Bernard Naafs

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture filtrate protein-10 (CFP-10) (Rv3874) is considered a promising antigen for the immunodiagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) together with early secreted antigens of M. tuberculosis (ESAT-6). Both ESAT-6 and CFP-10 are encoded by the RD1 region that is deleted from all tested M. bovis bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) strains but(More)
  • Bernard Naafs
  • Tropical medicine & international health : TM…
  • 2006
OBJECTIVE To review the history of the treatment of leprosy and leprosy reactions after World War II. METHODS Treatments based on experience and clinical evidence are compared with those advised by the WHO in their quest to eliminate leprosy by the year 2000, later extended to 2005. RESULTS Leprosy is not eliminated. Analyses of data on reaction(More)
Although worldwide leprosy prevalence has been reduced considerably following multidrug therapy, new case detection rates remain relatively stable, suggesting that transmission of infection still continues. This calls for new efforts, among which is development of assays that can identify subclinical/early-stage Mycobacterium leprae-infected subjects, a(More)
The presence of mycobacterial antigens in leprosy skin lesions was studied by immunohistological methods using monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to Mycobacterium leprae-specific phenolic glycolipid I (PGL-I) and to cross-reactive mycobacterial antigens of 36 kd, 65 kd, and lipoarabinomannan (LAM). The staining patterns with MAb to 36 kd and 65 kd were(More)
An increase in leprosy among HIV patients, similar to that observed in patients with TB, was expected approximately 20 years ago. Studies conducted in the 1990s together with those reported recently seemed to indicate that a coinfection with HIV did not alter the incidence and the clinical spectrum of leprosy and that each disease progressed as a single(More)
A review of the records of patients seen between 2004 and 2011 at the Dermatology Clinic of the São Paulo University Medical School showed that only two leprosy patients had been co-infected with tuberculosis (TB). One patient showed a type 1 leprosy reaction during the first 3 months of treatment of pleural TB and in the other patient, pulmonary TB was(More)
Borderline leprosy patients with a reversal reaction were studied and short-term steroid treatment compared with prolonged steroid treatment using voluntary muscle testing (VMT) to assess the results. Prolonged steroid treatment was shown to be superior to short-term treatment and free of harmful effects. It is concluded that with the described antireaction(More)
Eight out of 17 mouse anti-Mycobacterium leprae monoclonal antibodies (MAb) were previously observed to react with human nerve and skin antigenic determinants in cryostat sections, using an indirect immunoperoxidase technique. These observations suggested that antigenic mimicry may be involved in the development of the clinical manifestations of leprosy. In(More)