OBJECTIVE Chronic administration of moderate amounts of red wine has been associated with a protective effect on the cardiovascular system. This study examined whether red wine polyphenols prevent the angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertension and endothelial dysfunction in rats, and, if so, to elucidate the underlying mechanism. METHODS Hypertensive… (More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Because pulmonary circulation is the primary vascular target of inhaled particulate matter (PM), and nitric oxide is a major vasculoprotective agent, in this study we investigated the effect of various particles on the NO-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway in pulmonary arteries. METHODS We used intrapulmonary arteries… (More)
S-Nitrosation of cysteine residues plays an important role in nitric oxide (NO) signaling and transport. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of S-nitrosothiols as a storage form of NO, which may account for the long-lasting effects in the vasculature. Rat aorta exposed to S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) displayed, even after washout of the… (More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxic states of the cardiovacular system are undoubtedly associated with the most frequent diseases of modern time. Therefore, understanding hypoxic resistance encountered after physiological adaptation such as chronic hypoxia, is crucial to better deal with hypoxic insult. In this study, we examine the role of energetic modifications induced… (More)
The ability of various nitric oxide (NO) donors to induce long-lasting inhibition of contraction in isolated arteries was compared. All the studied compounds elicited a relaxant effect in rat aortic rings precontracted with norepinephrine (NE). Almost maximal relaxation was obtained with 1 microM of each compound. The S-nitrosating agents… (More)
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of steady-state True fast imaging with steady precession (TrueFISP) four-dimensional imaging of mouse heart at high resolution and its efficiency for cardiac volumetry. Three-dimensional cine-imaging of control and hypoxic mice was carried out at 4.7 T without magnetization preparation or… (More)
Activation of the β₂-adrenoceptor (β₂-AR) elicits an endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-dependent relaxation in mouse pulmonary artery, which, contrary to the muscarinic receptor-dependent relaxation, is preserved in hypoxic pulmonary arterial hypertension. We therefore characterized the signaling pathways underlying the β₂-AR-mediated eNOS… (More)
Role of α-AR in aryloxypropanolamine effects.
Acknowledgments This work was partially funded by Agence Nationale de la Recherche (Nanotox). The authors thank Mrs Lacayrerie for excellent animal care. Pascal Andujar was a fellow from Chancellerie de Paris (Legs Poix). All authors declare they have no competing financial interest.
Using a technique by which binding sites for two antibodies can be visualized in single tissue sections, we have studied the distribution of neurones containing DOPA decarboxylase-like and dopamine beta-hydroxylase-like immunoreactivity in ganglia of dog sympathetic chain. Three types of neurones could be distinguished: those that contained both enzymes,… (More)