Bernard Michot

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We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence (4712 nucleotides) of the mouse 28S rRNA gene. Comparison with all other homologs indicates that the potential for major variations in size during the evolution has been restricted to a unique set of a few sites within a largely conserved secondary structure core. The D (divergent) domains, responsible for(More)
Molecular mechanisms of ITS2 processing, a eukaryotic insertion between the 5.8S and LSU rRNA, remain largely elusive even in yeast. To delineate ITS2 structural and functional features which could be common to eukaryotes, we first produced phylo-genetically supported folding models in the vertebrate lineage, then tested them in deeper branchings and, more(More)
A growing number of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are intron-encoded, contain the characteristic box C (UGAUGA) and box D (CUGA) motifs and exhibit long complementarities to conserved sequences in mature rRNAs. We have identified nine additional members of this family, U32 to U40. All but one are encoded in introns of ribosomal protein genes in(More)
A growing subset of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) contains long stretches of sequence complementarity to conserved sequences in mature ribosomal RNA (rRNA). This article reviews current knowledge about these complementarities and proposes that these antisense snoRNAs might function in pre-rRNA folding, base modification and ribosomal ribonucleoprotein(More)
Microsporidia are eukaryotic parasites lacking mitochondria, the ribosomes of which present prokaryote-like features. In order to better understand the structural evolution of rRNA molecules in microsporidia, the 5S and rDNA genes were investigated in Encephalitozoon cuniculi . The genes are not in close proximity. Non-tandemly arranged rDNA units are on(More)
We present a secondary structure model for the entire sequence of mouse 28S rRNA (1) which is based on an extensive comparative analysis of the available eukaryotic sequences, i.e. yeast (2, 3), Physarum polycephalum (4), Xenopus laevis (5) and rat (6). It has been derived with close reference to the models previously proposed for yeast 26S rRNA (2) and for(More)
RATIONALE Sepsis is a common cause of death in the intensive care unit with mortality up to 70% when accompanied by multiple organ dysfunction. Rapid diagnosis and the institution of appropriate antibiotic therapy and pressor support are therefore critical for survival. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that play an important role in the regulation of(More)
We present the complete sequence of mouse 18 S rRNA. As indicated by comparison with yeast, Xenopus and rat, the conservation of eukaryotic 18 S rRNA sequences is extensive. However, this conservation is far from being uniform along the molecule: most of the base changes and the size differences between species are concentrated at specific locations. Two(More)
All large rRNAs possess a common core of secondary structure. However, large variations in the size of the molecule have arisen during evolution, which are accommodated over a dozen rapidly evolving domains. Most of the enlargement of the eukaryotic molecules (as compared to prokaryotes) is in fact restricted over only two of these divergent domains, which(More)
We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the regions of mouse ribosomal RNA transcription unit which separate mature rRNA genes. These internal transcribed spacers (ITS) are excised from rRNA precursor during ribosome biosynthesis. ITS 1, between 18S and 5.8S rRNA genes, is 999 nucleotides long. ITS 2, between 5.8S and 28S rRNA genes, is 1089(More)