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Endobronchial metastases from nonpulmonary neoplasms are rare. Since 1971, we have treated 23 patients with endobronchial metastases, the findings for which form the basis of this article. Many types of primary tumors are capable of endobronchial metastases, although breast, colon, and renal carcinomas predominate. The mean time from the diagnosis of the(More)
We investigated changing trends in pediatric tracheobronchial foreign body removal and resident experience from 1939 to 1991. We retrieved the records of 234 cases of tracheobronchial foreign body removal at Johns Hopkins. The mean number of cases per year was 5.9. The most common foreign bodies removed were peanuts, accounting for 38.9%. The average yearly(More)
Primary lung carcinoma adjacent to the trachea and paratracheal nodal metastasis without evidence of the primary tumor or airway invasion require invasive surgical procedures to obtain adequate diagnostic tissues. Adequate diagnostic tissue was obtained in 3 of 5 patients with paratracheal masses by means of a bronchoscopic needle aspiration technique.(More)
Previous investigators have demonstrated variable responses to uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. We hypothesized that this variability is due to either (1) differences in baseline pharyngeal collapsibility preoperatively or (2) differences in magnitude of the decrease in pharyngeal collapsibility resulting from(More)
Between 1913 and 1985, 323 cases of infantile subglottic hemangiomas have been reported in the English language literature. The purpose of this study is to review these cases, to report The Johns Hopkins Hospital experience with ten additional cases, and to compare the various methods of treatment in an attempt to identify the regimens associated with the(More)
Airway foreign bodies can usually be extracted by skillful application of endoscopic techniques. We report our experience in the management of 2 infants in whom sharp, pointed objects dictated consideration for an open surgical approach. Clinical presentation and treatment options will be discussed in the successful management of these 2 patients, one with(More)
Although the availability of flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FFB) has been a major advance in adult pulmonary medicine, the role of FFB in pediatrics has remained less well defined. Therefore, a two-year retrospective study was undertaken to determine the indications for FFB in 95 pediatric patients (mean age, 6.9 years) who underwent 129 FFB procedures.(More)
The morphologic changes in 10 patients who were found to have squamous cell carcinoma of the lung before they became evident on chest x ray are discussed. It is suggested that these cases have a long preclinical course as invasive carcinomas that ranges from a microscopic focus of microinvasion (possibly originating from in situ carcinoma in submucosal(More)