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PURPOSE To prospectively compare the depiction of intracortical lesions by using multislab three-dimensional (3D) double inversion-recovery (DIR), multislab 3D fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR), and T2-weighted spin-echo (SE) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in patients with multiple sclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Local ethics review board(More)
Almost 50% of the cells infiltrating the central nervous system (CNS) of animals with experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) are macrophages (M psi). To investigate the role of the M psi in the pathogenesis of EAE, we eliminated M psi by means of mannosylated liposomes containing dichloromethylene diphosphonate (Cl2MDP). Cl2MDP-containing liposomes(More)
Disease progression in multiple sclerosis occurs within the interface of glial activation and gliosis. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between biomarkers of different glial cell responses: (i) to disease dynamics and the clinical subtypes of multiple sclerosis; (ii) to disability; and (iii) to cross-validate these findings in a post-mortem(More)
BACKGROUND Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common disorder for which several surgical treatment options are available. OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy of the various surgical techniques in relieving symptoms and promoting return to work or activities of daily living and to compare the occurrence of side-effects and complications in patients suffering from(More)
BACKGROUND Interferon beta-1a and glatiramer acetate are commonly prescribed for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), but no published randomised trials have directly compared these two drugs. Our aim in the REGARD (REbif vs Glatiramer Acetate in Relapsing MS Disease) study was to compare interferon beta-1a with glatiramer acetate in patients with(More)
In the recently proposed diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis (MS) by McDonald, the modified magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Barkhof criteria have been incorporated. We examined the validity of this implementation in the Early Treatment of MS study, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 22 microg interferon beta1a given(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and toxicity of 4-aminopyridine and 3,4-diaminopyridine in patients with multiple sclerosis. DESIGN Intervention study with a before-after design and a randomized, double-blind, crossover design. SETTING University referral center. PATIENTS Twenty-four patients with definite multiple sclerosis who had been treated in(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the quality of life (QoL) of MS patients during the initial 6 months of treatment with interferon-beta (IFN-beta). Furthermore, to determine whether changes in QoL relate to disability, emotional state, therapeutic expectations or side effect profile. BACKGROUND IFN-beta has been shown to have beneficial effects on the course of(More)
Quantitative single-voxel, short echo-time (TE) MR spectroscopy (MRS) was used to determine metabolite concentrations in the cerebral normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) of 76 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), and the WM of 25 controls. In NAWM of all MS disease types (primary progressive, relapsing-remitting, and secondary progressive), the(More)