Bernard L. Mirkin

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Irreversible growth arrest (also called senescence) has emerged recently as a tumor suppressor mechanism and a key determinant of cancer chemotherapy outcome. Previous work from our laboratory suggested that the cellular ability to undergo or to escape senescence dictates its fate to become drug-sensitive or drug-resistant, respectively. In the present(More)
BACKGROUND The transcription factor Stat3 has been reported to play a key role in protecting cells against apoptosis by up-regulating expression of the anti-apoptotic gene BCl-xL. This investigation analyzes the relationship between the development of resistance to doxorubicin-mediated apoptosis in neuroblastoma cells (SKN-SH) and activation of the Stat3(More)
The present study was undertaken to verify whether induction of senescence could be sufficient to reverse drug resistance and, if so, to determine the underlying mechanism(s). Our findings indicated that cotreatment of drug-resistant neuroblastoma cells with doxorubicin, at sublethal concentrations, in combination with the pan-caspase inhibitor, Q-VD-OPH,(More)
S-Adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) synthetase (EC, which catalyzes the synthesis of AdoMet from methionine and ATP, is the major methyl donor for transmethylation reactions and propylamino donor for the biosynthesis of polyamines in biological systems. We have reported previously that wild-type C-1300 murine neuroblastoma (wMNB) cells, made resistant to(More)
A new type of polymer nanoparticle (PNP) containing a high density of covalently linked doxorubicin, attached via a non-cleavable amine linkage (amine-linked Dox-PNP) was prepared. Together with a previously reported cleavable carbamate-linked Dox-PNP, this new amine-linked Dox-PNP was subsequently evaluated against free doxorubicin for its cytotoxicity and(More)
Previous studies showed that nerve growth factor (NGF) decreases the proliferation of neuroectodermal tumor (NET) cells (C-1300 and Neuro2A murine neuroblastoma, PC12 rat pheochromocytoma) within 5-7 days in a dose-dependent manner. This effect is regulated by the concentration of serum in the culture medium. Therefore, we hypothesized that NGF exerts its(More)