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The dynamic computer model of oxidative phosphorylation developed previously and successfully tested for large-scale changes in fluxes and metabolite concentrations was used to study the question of how the rate of ATP production by oxidative phosphorylation is adjusted to meet the energy demand during muscle contraction, which causes a great increase in(More)
1. The dynamic model of oxidative phosphorylation developed previously for rat liver mitochondria incubated with succinate was adapted for muscle mitochondria respiring on pyruvate. We introduced the following changes considering: (1) a higher external ATP/ADP ratio and an ATP/ADP carrier less displaced from equilibrium; (2) a substrate dehydrogenation more(More)
A dynamic computer model of oxidative phosphorylation in oxidative mammalian skeletal muscle was developed. The previously published model of oxidative phosphorylation in isolated skeletal muscle mitochondria was extended by incorporation of the creatine kinase system (creatine kinase plus phosphocreatine/creatine pair), cytosolic proton(More)
The protonmotive force across the inner mitochondrial membrane (Deltap) has two components: membrane potential (DeltaPsi) and the gradient of proton concentration (DeltapH). The computer model of oxidative phosphorylation developed previously by Korzeniewski et al. (Korzeniewski, B., Noma, A., and Matsuoka, S. (2005) Biophys. Chem. 116, 145-157) was(More)
Respiratory-chain-complex subunits in mitochondria are encoded by nuclear or mitochondrial DNA. This property might have profound implications for the phenotypic expression of mutations affecting oxidative phosphorylation complexes. The aim of this paper is to study the importance of the origin of the mutation (nuclear or mitochondrial) on the expression of(More)
The mathematical dynamic model of oxidative phosphorylation in muscle mitochondria developed previously was used to calculate the flux control coefficients of particular steps of this process in isolated mitochondria at different amounts of hexokinase and oxygen concentrations. The pattern of control was completely different under different conditions. For(More)
The cybernetic definition of a living individual proposed previously (Korzeniewski, 2001) is very abstract and therefore describes the essence of life in a very formal and general way. In the present article this definition is reformulated in order to determine clearly the relation between life in general and a living individual in particular, and it is(More)
It has been proposed recently that the phosphocreatine (PCr) overshoot (increase above the resting level) during muscle recovery after exercise is caused by a slow decay during this recovery of the direct activation of oxidative phosphorylation taking place during muscle work. In the present article the factors determining the appearance and size of the PCr(More)
The dynamic mathematical model of oxidative phosphorylation proposed previously was modified, developed and further tested. The description of cytochrome oxidase kinetics was changed to involve dependence on Deltap. Simple, phenomenological descriptions of the kinetics of substrate dehydrogenation and ATP usage, able to reflect experimental data correctly,(More)
At low power output exercise (below lactate threshold), the oxygen uptake increases linearly with power output, but at high power output exercise (above lactate threshold) some additional oxygen consumption causes a non-linearity in the overall VO(2) (oxygen uptake rate)-power output relationship. The functional significance of this phenomenon for human(More)